Experts / Authors

Hassan Abbas

Hassan Abbas served as the Sub-Divisional Police Chief in the NWFP from 1996-1998, and was the Deputy Director of Investigations in Pakistan's National Accountability Bureau from 1999-2000. Currently, he is a fellow at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government and is the author of Pakistan's Drift into Extremism: Allah, the Army and America's War on Terror.

Sohail Abdul Nasir

Sohail Abdul Nasir is an Islamabad-based journalist. He writes on foreign policy matters, regional security issues and the war on terrorism.

Mahan Abedin

Mr. Abedin co-edited Unmasking Terror: A Global Review of Terrorist Actitives (2005). He is an expert on Iran, Iraq and Islamic movements and ideologies. Mr. Abedin makes contributions to numerous publications, including the Beirut-based Daily Star and Asia Times. He gained his MSc in Political Theory from the London School of Economics in 2000. Mr. Abedin has since worked as a consultant on financial, political and security affairs related to the Middle East.

Zainul Abid

Zainul Abid is an expert on Middle-East and Asia-Pacific region based in New Delhi, India.

Zachary Abuza

Zachary Abuza is one of the leading scholars on Terrorism in Southeast Asia. He is currently Associate Professor for Political Science and International Relations at Simmons College.

Nima Adelkhah

Nima Adelkhah is an independent analyst based in New York. His current research agenda includes the Middle East, military strategy and technology, and nuclear proliferation among other defense and security issues.

Mohammad Ahmad

Mohammad Ahmad is an independent analyst based in Zarqa, Jordan.

Salimjon Aioubov

Salimjon Aioubov is a Senior Broadcaster with RFE/RL’s Tajik Service.

Pete Ajemian

Pete Ajemian recently completed graduate studies at the University of St. Andrews. He previously spent time living in Lebanon and has conducted research on terrorism related issues for US law enforcement.

Vakhit Akaev

Vakhit Akaev is a Doctor of Philosophy and a member correspondent of the Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic. He is also the Chair of Theory and Practice of Social Work at Chechen State University.

Chris Alden

Chris Alden, Ph.D., is the Director of the China in Africa Project at SAIIA and author of the book, China in Africa (Zed 2007).

Farhana Ali

Farhana Ali is an Associate International Policy Analyst at the RAND Corporation. She has done extensive research on jihadist networks and religious extremism.

Imtiaz Ali

Imtiaz Ali is a Pakistan-based journalist working as a special correspondent for the Washington Post. Before this he was a correspondent for the BBC Pashto Service for about six years. He joined the BBC in 2001, reporting on the U.S. attack on the Taliban regime in Afghanistan in the wake of the September 11 attacks. Before the BBC, he was a print journalist and worked with Pakistan's premier English daily publications, The News and Dawn. Since 9/11, he has reported extensively on the Taliban, militancy in the border regions and Pakistan's military operations against al-Qaeda operatives and their local supporters in the tribal areas of Pakistan. Mr. Ali was a Knight Journalism Fellow at the John S. Knight Fellowships Program at Stanford during 2006-2007.

Rafid Fadhil Ali

Rafid Fadhil Ali is journalist, writer and reporter. From 2003 to 2007 he covered the Iraq war and followed events from the field. Rafid worked for different pan-Arab and foreign media organizations. He is an expert in Iraqi politics and militant groups in the Middle East. Rafid writes frequently in English and Arabic for publications such as the Jamestown Foundation’s Terrorism Monitor and Militant Leaders Monitor, and the daily Arab newspaper, al-Hayat.

Anes Alic

Anes Alic is the Executive Director of ISA Consulting, www.isaintel.com.

Huseyn Aliyev

Huseyn Aliyev is an independent researcher whose work focuses on democratic institution-building and armed conflicts in the former Soviet Union. He is an author of two monographs and a number of peer-reviewed and analytical articles.

Kenneth Allen

Kenneth W. Allen is a Senior China Analyst at Defense Group Inc. (DGI). He is a retired U.S. Air Force officer, whose extensive service abroad includes a tour in China as the Assistant Air Attaché. He has written numerous articles on Chinese military affairs. A Chinese linguist, he holds an M.A. in international relations from Boston University.

Jana Allen

Jana Allen is a Research Analyst at DGI, and also serves as a Major in the U.S. Air Force Reserve. She has advanced Chinese language skills and an M.A. in National Security Affairs from the Naval Postgraduate School.

Victoria Almas

Victoria Almas is a regional expert on Uzbekistan and Central Asia.

Feyza Altindag

Feyza Altindag is a specialist in East European and Turkish affairs.

Ivar Amundsen

Ivar Amundsen is Director of the Chechnya Peace Forum, a human rights organization based in London which seeks to promote the cause of democracy and human rights in Chechnya.

Alex An

Alex An is a retired Colonel in the ROC (Taiwan) Army

David An

David An is currently a Ph.D. Candidate at George Washington University and a former Fulbright Scholar.

Martin Andrew

Martin Andrew retired from the Australian Defense Force after 28 years of service and holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from Bond University. His book, ‘How the PLA Fights: Weapons and Tactics of the People’s Liberation Army’ was recently published by the U.S Army. He is the editor of the ‘GI Zhou Newsletter’, which is used by customers in the United States Department of Defense and elsewhere.

Zaal Anjaparidze

is the Executive Director of the Georgian NGO Democracy Resources Development Center. He has written extensively on Georgian domestic and foriegn politics.

Giuseppe Anzera

Giuseppe Anzera is Assistant Professor of Sociology of International Politics at "La Sapienza" University of Rome. He collaborates with the Power and Interest News Report (PINR), an analytical organization that utilizes open source intelligence to provide conflict analysis services in the context of international relations.

Ryan Arant

Ryan Arant is an independent analyst specializing in Middle East national security issues. He holds an MA in International Affairs from Columbia University and a BA from the University of North Carolina at Asheville.

Richard Arnold

Richard Arnold, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Muskingum University, where he teaches classes on Comparative Politics and International Relations. Dr. Arnold’s research focuses on xenophobic extremism in the Russian Federation and he has published papers in Nationalities Papers and Problems of Post-Communism on the Russian Neo-Nazi movement. He is also interested in Russian security more generally, including secessionism and radical Islam in the North Caucasus. Dr. Arnold is guest-editor of the January/February 2014 edition of Problems of Post Communism, which focuses on the Sochi Winter Olympics. He is also writing a piece on Alexei Navalny for the publisher Routledge.

Tariq Mahmud Ashraf

Tariq Mahmud Ashraf is a retired Air Commodore from the Pakistan Air Force. A freelance analyst on South Asian defense and nuclearization issues, he has authored one book and published over 70 papers and articles in journals of repute.

Leyla Aslanova

Leyla Aslanova is an independent analyst and researcher. She holds a Masters in Public Policy degree from State University of New York at Stony Brook and a Bachelors in International Relations from Baku State University. Her area of expertise is the energy sector in Azerbaijan and the South Caucasus.

Margarita Assenova

Margarita Assenova is a professional journalist and political analyst with over 25 years of experience in print and broadcast media, including Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty. In 1997 she was awarded the John Knight Professional Journalism Fellowship at Stanford University for her reporting on nationalism in the Balkans. Assenova has worked on democracy projects in Central-Eastern Europe and Central Asia for the International Republican Institute, Freedom House, the Institute for New Democracies, and the Woodrow Wilson Center forInternational Scholars in Washington, D.C. She currently serves as the Course Chair (Contractor) for Southeast Central Europe Advanced Area Studies at the Foreign Service Institute of the U.S. Department of State. Assenova has authored book chapters on security, energy and democracy published by CSIS Press, Brassey’s, Freedom House, and Bertelsmann Foundation Publishers.

Scott Atran

Scott Atran is a director of research at the National Center for Scientific Research in Paris and Professor of anthropology and psychology at the University of Michigan. He is the author of In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion and the organizer of a NATO working group on suicide terrorism.

Leah  Averitt

Leah Averitt is a Research Fellow in the Strategic Research Department at the U.S. Naval War College. She is a core member of the China Maritime Studies Institute. In addition to her research, she spends considerable time assisting faculty and student with the Chinese-language library of books, periodicals, and online materials.

Pavel K. Baev

Dr. Pavel K. Baev is a senior researcher at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO).

Eva Baguma

Eva Baguma is an Atlas Corps Fellow from Uganda, who is currently a Development and Operations Associate at Ashoka. She previously served as the Program Officer of Fundraising and Resource Mobilization at the Uganda Society for Disabled Children and has five years of experience in the development field.

Zhulduz Baizakova

Zhulduz Baizakova is a graduate of the Faculty of International Relations, Kazakh National University and holds an MSc in International Security and Global Governance from Birkbeck College, University of London. Her current academic affiliation is with the Institute for Security and Cooperation Studies at Kazakh National University in Almaty. Baizakova recently joined the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies at the National Defense University as a Visiting Research Scholar (Fulbright Program). Her areas of research cover regional security, including defense and environment issues of Central Asia.

Chietigj Bajpaee

Chietigj Bajpaee is a Ph.D. Candidate at King’s College – London and he previously was a senior Asia analyst at Control Risks, a London-based risk consultancy. Prior to working at Control Risks, Mr. Bajpaee worked at IHS Global Insight, the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC and the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

Chietigj Bajpaee

Chietigj Bajpaee is a South Asia analyst at Control Risks, a London-based risk consultancy. He has previously worked at IHS Global Insight, the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC, and the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

Abdul Hameed Bakier

Abdul Hameed Bakier is an expert on internet media monitoring and analysis. He is based in Jordan.

Edwin Bakker

Edwin Bakker is on the editorial board of Helsinki Monitor and Vrede & Veiligheid, and secretary general of the executive committee of the Netherlands Helsinki Committee.

David Bandurski

David Bandurski is the editor of the China Media Project website and a frequent commentator on Chinese media. He is an award-winning journalist whose writings have appeared in the Far Eastern Economic Review, Wall Street Journal, Index on Censorship, South China Morning Post and other publications.

Migeddorj Batchimeg

Migeddorj Batchimeg is a senior researcher at the Institute for Strategic Studies of Mongolia. She now serves as the National Security Advisor to the President of Mongolia.

Sharon Bean

Sharon Bean has 25 years of experience building institutional capacity in a variety of settings, including civil-military, post conflict, stabilization, governance, and anti-corruption projects. Recently, Sharon has supported Civil-Military Operations in Western Africa, part of the Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Partnership- an interagency initiative to prevent, deter, and mitigate terrorist influence in at-risk African nation.

Nathan Beauchamp-Mustafaga

Nathan Beauchamp-Mustafaga is the editor of China Brief.

Burak Bekdil

Burak Bekdil is an Ankara-based freelance journalist. He writes a column for the Turkish Daily News and covers defense and security for the U.S. weekly Defense News. He also writes for other western publications. Bekdil was formerly the Ankara correspondent for Dow Jones Newswires and Ankara bureau chief for the Ankara-based CNBC-e television.

Vyacheslav Belokrenitsky

Dr. Belokrenitsky is chair of the Near and Middle East Department, Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, and Professor, Institute of International Relations, Russian Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Benedetta Berti

Benedetta Berti is the Earhart Doctoral fellow at the Fletcher School, Tufts University, where she is specializing in international security studies and Middle Eastern studies. She is also a graduate researcher at the Jebsen Center for Counter Terrorism Studies at Tufts University.

Aliy Berzegov

Aliy Berzegov is a freelance writer based in New York.

Richard A. Bitzinger

Richard A. Bitzinger is Senior Fellow with the Military Transformations Programme at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University. Formerly with the RAND Corp. and the Defence Budget Project, he has been writing on Asian aerospace and defence issues for more than 20 years.

Andrew Black

Andrew Black is the CEO of Navanti Group, a professional services firm that provides socio-cultural and social media solutions to the U.S. government.

Sergei Blagov

Prior to working as Moscow-based independent researcher and journalist, Dr. Sergei Blagov was a newswire reporter. He spent nearly seven years reporting from Hanoi, Vietnam, between 1983 and 1997.

Stephen Blank

Dr. Stephen Blank is a Senior Fellow and resident Russia expert at the American Foreign Policy Council. Previously, he worked as a professor at the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College at Carlisle Barracks, PA. The views expressed here do not represent those of the U.S. Army, Defense Department or the U.S. Government.

Dennis J. Blasko

Dennis J. Blasko, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army (Retired), is a former U.S. army attaché to Beijing and Hong Kong and author of The Chinese Army Today (Routledge, 2006).

Ludo Block

Ludo Block is a former Dutch senior police officer and served as the Dutch police liaison officer for Russia and surrounding countries between 1999 and 2004. He is currently writing a PhD on police cooperation in the European Union.

Dan Blumenthal

Dan Blumenthal is a resident fellow in Asian studies at the American Enterprise Institute and vice chairman of the U.S.-China Security and Economic Review Commission. Previously, he was senior director for China, Taiwan and Mongolia in the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Vladimir Bobrovnikov

Vladimir Bobrovnikov is a senior research fellow at the Institute for Oriental Studies (Moscow) and teaches anthropology and Arabic in the Russian State University of Humanities and the Moscow State University. He is the author of Custom, Law and Violence Among the North Caucasus Muslims.

Jeb Boone

Jeb Boone is a freelance writer and journalist and former managing editor of the Yemen Times.

Federico Bordonaro

Federico Bordonaro is a senior analyst with the Power and Interest News Report, an analytical organization that utilizes open source intelligence to provide conflict analysis services in the context of international relations. He holds a Ph.D. from the University La Sorbonne in Paris and is presently based in Rome.

Anneli Botha

Anneli Botha is a senior researcher on terrorism at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) in Cape Town.

Pieter Bottelier

Pieter Bottelier is a senior adjunct professor at The Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). Prior to this, he served at the World Bank from 1970-1998 and was the Chief of the World Bank’s Resident Mission in Beijing from 1993-1997.

Christopher Boucek

Christopher Boucek is a Postdoctoral Researcher at Princeton University and a Lecturer at the Woodrow Wilson School.

Anouar Boukhars

Anouar Boukhars is a specialist on politics of the Muslim world. Dr. Boukhars is an assistant professor and director of the Center for Defense and Security Policy at Wilberforce University in Ohio. He is also editor of Wilberforce Quarterly Journal.

Anne-Marie Brady

Anne-Marie Brady is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. She is the Editor of The Polar Journal and, most recently, the author of China’s Thought Management (2011) and Marketing Dictatorship: Propaganda and Thought Work in Contemporary China (2009).

James Brandon

James Brandon is a political and security risk analyst. He was Director of Research at the Quilliam Foundation, a UK-based think-tank, from 2008-2011, and was a journalist for print, broadcast and online media between 2002-2007, reporting on terrorism and Islamism from around the Middle East and Europe. He has an MA in Middle Eastern Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and is an Associate Fellow at the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR) at Kings' College, London. He currently works for a leading political risk and security consultancy and is based in Singapore and London. He has been quoted widely in the international media and has conducted research projects for a wide range of western governments.

Birgit Brauer

Birgit Brauer, Ph.D., is an Almaty-based analyst and journalist who writes for the The Economist and other publications on Central Asian affairs.

Matthew Brazil

Matthew Brazil is an independent China consultant who has served in the U.S. military, as a Commercial Officer at the U.S. Embassy Beijing, and as an industrial security investigator in Asia.

James Briggs

James Briggs is an analyst based in Nigeria.

Marc Brody

Marc Brody is an independent journalist who specializes in the Caucasus.

Kerry Brown

Kerry Brown is the Director of the China Studies Centre and Professor of Chinese Politics at the University of Sydney. He is the author of Hu Jintao: China’s Silent Ruler (2012).

Maksym Bugriy

Maksym Bugriy is a Ukrainian analyst who specializes in Ukraine and the CIS region, international economics and international security. Mr. Bugriy has broad career experience as an analyst and researcher with leading Ukrainian think tanks, including The Institute of Euro-Atlantic Cooperation and the Ukrainian Institute for Public Policy. During 2011, he was a public servant as the Head of the Geo-Economics Sector with the Ukrainian Presidential think tank The National Institute for Strategic Studies. Prior to working as an international affairs analyst, Mr. Bugriy spent more than ten years working as a research analyst and corporate finance associate with regional leading investment banks, including Troika Dialog (2006–2010). He graduated with an MBA from Catalica Lisbon School of Business and Economics and a Master’s of Finance from the National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv. Currently he is a PhD researcher in National Economic Security with the National Institute for Strategic Studies. Mr. Bugriy lives with his wife in Kyiv.

Syed Adnan Ali Shah Bukhari

Syed Adnan Ali Shah Bukhari is Associate Research Fellow and Team Leader of South and Central Asia Desk at the International Centre for Political Violence and Terrorism Research (ICPVTR), Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore

Jean-pierre Cabestan

Jean-Pierre Cabestan is a Senior Researcher at the French National Center for Scientific Research.

Rusen Cakir

Rusen Cakir is a senior correspondent for the Turkish daily Vatan and has contributed to various other media outlets, such as Milliyet and CNN-Turk.

John Calabrese

Dr. John Calabrese teaches U.S. Foreign Policy at American University and serves as book review editor of The Middle East Journal. He is the author of China's Changing Relations with the Middle East (1990) and numerous articles, including "Dragon by the Tail: China's Energy Quandary."

Alicia J. Campi

Dr. Alicia Campi has a Ph.D. in Mongolian Studies, was involved in the preliminary negotiations to establish bilateral relations in the 1980s, and served as a diplomat in Ulaanbaatar. She has a Mongolian consultancy company (U.S.-Mongolia Advisory Group), and writes and speaks extensively on Mongolian issues.

Leah Caprice

Leah (Kimmerly) Caprice is a Research Analyst at Defense Group Inc.’s Center for Intelligence Research and Analysis.

Ludovico Carlino

Analyst 

Ludovico Carlino is a Ph.D. Candidate in the Department of International Politics at the University of Reading, specializing in al-Qaeda and its affiliated movements. He obtained a MA in Analysis and Terrorism Prevention from the University of Madrid and is currently Director of the International Terrorism program at CISIP, the Italian Center for the Study of Political Islam.

Joseph  Carrigan

Joseph Carrigan, a commander in the U.S. Navy, graduated with highest distinction from the U.S. Naval War College in June. He will assume command of USS Russell (DDG 59), an Aegis destroyer home-ported in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in April 2011. The views expressed here are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Navy or the Department of Defense.

Thomas Patrick Carroll

Mr. Carroll is a former officer in the Clandestine Service of the CIA and currently on the editorial board of the Middle East Intelligence Bulletin.

Eve Cary

Eve Cary graduated from University of California, Berkeley with a Masters in Asian Studies, with a focus on China. Her research focuses on Chinese domestic politics, overheating and real estate issues, and central-local relations.

Peter Chalk

Peter Chalk is an analyst at RAND specializing in South East Asia, international terrorism and emerging threats.

Alfred Chan

Alfred L. Chan is an associate professor of political science at Huron University College, University of Western Ontario, Canada.

Gordon G. Chang

Gordon G. Chang is the author of Nuclear Showdown: North Korea Takes On the World. Follow him on Twitter @GordonGChang.

Parris  Chang

Parris H. Chang, Ph.D., is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at Pennsylvania State University and President of Taiwan Institute for Political Economic and Strategic Studies. His former positions include Deputy Secretary-general of Taiwan’s National Security Council and chairman of National Defense Committee and Foreign Relation Committee of Legislative Yuan (Taiwan’s Parliament).

I-wei Jennifer Chang

I-wei Jennifer Chang is a Washington, DC-based writer and researcher on international relations and China.

Brian Chao

Brian C. Chao is Research Associate for East Asia in DGI and Researcher at the Asia-Pacific Desk for Wikistrat. Mr. Chao took his A.B. in Government from Dartmouth College, during which he served an internship with APSA/East Asia in OSD Policy. Mr. Chao is fluent in Mandarin Chinese and is a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, the U.S. Naval Institute, and Young Professionals in Foreign Policy.

Michael S. Chase

Michael S. Chase is an Associate Research Professor and Director of the Mahan Research Group at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. The views presented in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the Naval War College, Department of the Navy, or Department of Defense.

Matthew Chebatoris

Matthew Chebatoris is a freelance analyst and 12-year veteran of the U.S. intelligence community.

Oksana Chelysheva

Oksana Chelysheva is the deputy executive manager of the Russian-Chechen Friendship Society.

Zhenzhen Chen

Zhenzhen Chen is a researcher with the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Study.

York W. Chen

York W. Chen, Ph.D., received his graduate degree from Lancaster University, United Kingdom. He was one of the Senior Advisors of Taiwan’s National Security Council from 2006-2008. He now teaches at Tamkang University, Taiwan.

David Chen

David D. Chen is an analyst at CENTRA Technology, Inc., a consulting firm. The views expressed here are his own. He also serves on the editorial board of the internationally peer-reviewed journal Space Policy and as a manuscript reviewer for China Security. Mr. Chen holds a Masters from the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies at the University of California, San Diego, and a Bachelors from Pomona College. A fluent Mandarin speaker, he has studied at Nanjing University, China, and in Taipei, Taiwan.

Yinghong  Cheng

Yinghong Cheng, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of history at Delaware State University. Cheng has studied at the Chinese Academy of Social Science and received an M.A. in 1988, and a Ph.D. from Northeastern University in 2001.

Tai Ming Cheung

Tai Ming Cheung is a research fellow at the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation at the University of California, San Diego.

Yee Wah Chin

Yee Wah Chin is Senior Counsel in the Washington, D.C. office of Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, PC. Ms. Chin served on the ABA task forces that drafted the 2003 and 2005 ABA Comments on the proposed Anti-Monopoly Law of the People's Republic of China. She is a member of the OECD Advisory Group on China Investment Policies and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce China Industrial Policy Steering Committee.

Frank Ching

Mr. Frank Ching is a Hong Kong based journalist and commentator.

Elena Chinyaeva

Elena Chinyaeva holds a doctorate in modern history from Oxford University and is a writer for Kommersant-Vlast, a leading Russian political weekly.

Zaindi Choltaev

Zaindi Choltaev, a Chechen political analyst, served in the 1990s as deputy foreign minister and Chairman of the Administration in the Provisional State Council of Chechnya's separatist government. He spent the academic year 2002 to 2003 in Washington as the visiting Galina Starovoitova Fellow at the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies.

Jaewoo Choo

Jaewoo Choo is professor of Chinese foreign policy in the Department of Chinese Studies at Kyung Hee University, Korea. He was a Visiting Fellow at Center for East Asia Studies Program, Brookings Institution in spring 2014. He is the author of upcoming books, China’s Foreign Policy: Concepts, Strategy and Diplomacy and U.S.-China Relations: From Korean Perspectives.

Pierre-arnaud Chouvy

Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy, PhD, is a Geographer and Research Fellow at CNRS (France). He specializes in the geopolitics of illicit drugs with a particular focus on Asia. He produces http://www.geopium.org.

Shulong Chu

Chu Shulong, Ph.D., is currently a professor in political science and international relations at the School of Public Policy and Management, and deputy director, Institute of Strategic Studies of Tsinghua University in Beijing, China. He was a professor of China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Party School, and a senior fellow at China Institute of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) from 1994 till recently. He is also a council member of Chinese Association for American Studies, CSCAP (Council on Security Cooperation in Asia-Pacific) China National Committee, and Association of Sino-US Relations Studies, member of Chinese Society for Pacific Studies and Chinese Association for Taiwanese Studies.

Andrew Chubb

Andrew Chubb is a PhD student at the University of Western Australia, researching the relationship between Chinese nationalism, public opinion and policy on maritime disputes in the South China Sea and East China Sea. He blogs at South Sea Conversations and can be found on Twitter @zhubochubo .

Morgan Clemens

Morgan Clemens is a Research Associate at DGI, where his work focuses on the Chinese armed forces and defense industry. He has studied in China and holds an M.A. in Asian Studies from George Washington University and a B.A. in History and Government from the College of William and Mary.

Robert Cobb

Robert Cobb is an expert on Russia and the post-Soviet space.

Bernard D. Cole

Dr. Bernard D. Cole is Professor of International History at the National War College in Washington, D.C., where he concentrates on Pacific strategy, Sino-American relations, and the Chinese military. He is spending the 2004-2005 academic year as a Visiting Senior Fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies of the National Defense University.

J. Michael Cole

J. Michael Cole is a Taipei-based Senior Non-Resident Fellow with the China Policy Institute at University of Nottingham, and an Associate Researcher at the French Centre for Research on Contemporary China (CEFC). He recently joined the Thinking Taiwan Foundation as a Senior Staff Member.

Gabe  Collins

Gabe Collins is the co-founder of China SignPost™ (www.chinasignpost.com), a website that provides original research and policy advice to policymakers, the business community, and other constituencies interested in China.

Ian Conway

Ian Conway manages Helios Global, Inc., an international security consultancy based in the Washington, DC area.

Sarah Cook

Sarah Cook is an Asia Research Analyst at Freedom House and co-editor of the English translation of Gao Zhisheng’s memoir, A China More Just.

Terry Cooke

Merritt T. (‘Terry’) Cooke, Ph.D., is the principal of www.terrycooke.com, a professional speaking and corporate seminar/scenario enterprise. He is also Founder and Chairman of GC3 Strategy, an international market development consultancy targeting ‘green energy/technology’ opportunities in Greater China. Terry’s full bio is available at www.terrycooke.com/bio.aspx and publications at www.terrycooke.com/weblinks.aspx. Terry has served as Director for Asian Corporate Partnership at the World Economic Forum (‘Davos’) and is a career member of the U.S. Senior Foreign Commercial Service.

Gordon Corera

Gordon Corera is the BBC's Security Correspondent

Svante E. Cornell

Dr. Svante E. Cornell is Research Director of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute at Johns Hopkins University-SAIS.

Steven  Costello

Steven Costello is a freelance writer who has worked in various developing countries, including South Sudan, Sierra Leone, and Tanzania. He holds an MSc in African Studies from St. Anne's College, Oxford University and a BA in International Affairs from the New School for Social Research.

Johanna Cox

Johanna Cox is a Research Associate at the Defense Group Inc.’s Center for Intelligence Research and Analysis.

Dan G. Cox

Dan G. Cox is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the United States Army School of Advanced Military Studies, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Jeffrey Cozzens

Jeffrey Cozzens is Head of Areté Associates’ Terrorism Studies and Analysis Program, a research-based arm of Areté’s National Security Studies and Analysis Program, and is a PhD candidate at the University of St Andrews Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence.

Dario Cristiani

Dario Cristiani is an adjunct professor in international affairs at Vesalius College in Brussels and a senior analyst at the Global Governance Institute.

John C. K. Daly

Dr. John C. K. Daly is a Eurasian foreign affairs and defense policy expert for The Jamestown Foundation and a non-resident fellow at the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute in Washington DC.

Sara Daly

Sara Daly is an international policy analyst at RAND. Her research focuses primarily on international terrorism, insurgency, emerging threats, nuclear terrorism, and intelligence issues.

Emil Danielyan

Emil Danielyan is a journalist and political analyst based in Armenia's capital Yerevan. He works for the Yerevan bureau of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) and also writes regularly for a number of Western analytical sources . His main areas of interest are Armenian politics and economics, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Turkish-Armenian relations and regional security issues. Danielyan holds a Master's degree in political science from the American University of Armenia.

Victor Davidoff

Victor Davidoff is a Moscow-based writer and journalist whose blog is chaadaev56.livejournal.com.

Thomas Davidson

Chief Warrant Officer 4 (ret) Thomas S. Davidson II was a Senior Military Intelligence Analyst at the Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO) of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. He has extensive experience working on border and security issues.

Elizabeth Van Wie Davis

Elizaabeth Van Wie Davis is a Professor at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS) with a focus on Chinese domestic, foreign, and defense policies. She has books on Islam, Oil & Geopolitics: Central Asia Since September 11 (2007), Chinese Perspectives on Sino-American Relations (2000) and China and the Law of the Sea Convention (1995) and her articles appear in journals around the world. The views in this article are personal opinions of the author, and are not official positions of the U.S. Government, U.S. Pacific Command or APCSS.

Mauro De Lorenzo

Mauro De Lorenzo is a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. He conducted research in Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda and DR Congo for a number of years between 1998 and 2004, and revisited Kigali and Bujumbura in February 2007. He recently attended the second Africa-China-U.S. Trilateral Dialogue in Beijing, a joint effort of the Brenthurst Foundation, the Council on Foreign Relations and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Andrew Dean

Andrew P. Dean recently graduated from Johns Hopkins University's Krieger School of Arts and Sciences with an M.A. in International Security Studies. He has expertise in nuclear non-proliferation and the technical methods by which nations deploy nuclear weapons. He also brings with him a strong background in national security strategy analysis and future battlefield scenario-making.

Jamie Dettmer

Jamie Dettmer is an expert on North Africa, the Middle East and Southern Europe. He writes for Newsweek/Daily Beast, Voice of America and Maclean's. He is also a Senior Media Fellow at the Democracy Institute.

Han Dongfang

Han Dongfang is the founder and director of China Labour Bulletin, a non-governmental organization based in Hong Kong that seeks to promote workers rights in mainland China

Benjamin Dooley

Benjamin Dooley is an intern at CSIS.

Munkh-Ochir  Dorjjugder

Munkh-Ochir Dorjjugder is an associate senior researcher at the Institute of Strategic Studies in Mongolia’s National Security Council.

John Dotson

John Dotson is the Research Coordinator on the staff of the Congressionally-chartered U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. He is as also an officer in the U.S. Navy Reserve and in this capacity serves as a faculty member of the National Intelligence University. The analysis and views expressed in this article are entirely his own and are not intended to represent those of any federal agency.

Jerome Doyon

Jerome Doyon is a PhD candidate in political science at SciencesPo/CERI (Paris) and Columbia University (New York). His research focuses on Chinese Communist Party cadres’ recruitment and the evolution of the Chinese Communist Youth League.

June Teufel Dreyer

June Teufel Dreyer is a professor of political science at the University of Miami and a senior fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute. She also has served as Chief Far East Specialist for the Library of Congress and as Asia Advisor to the Chief of Naval Operations. Dr. Dreyer was a commissioner on the U.S.-China Security and Economic Review Commission from 2001 to 2006.

Jessica Drun

Jessica Drun is a Masters candidate in Asian Studies at the Georgetown School of Foreign Service. She previously interned with the Freeman Chair at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Mathieu Duchâtel

John B. Dunlop

John B. Dunlop is a senior fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. He is an expert on Russia's two wars in Chechnya, nationalism in the former Soviet Union, Russian cultural politics, and the politics of religion in Russia.

Valery Dzutsev

Non-Resident Senior Fellow 

Valery Dzutsev is a doctoral student in political science at Arizona State University. Mr. Dzutsev is a native of North Ossetia. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in History from the North Ossetian State University and Master’s degree in Public Policy from the University of Maryland. His research interests extend to ethnic and religious conflict, political violence, evolution of Russia and countries in Eurasia. Valery’s articles appeared in Nationalities Papers, and are forthcoming in Caucasus Survey and Post-Soviet Affairs. He has systematically covered developments in the North Caucasus for the Washington-based research and analysis institute The Jamestown Foundation since 2009. Between 2002 and 2007, Mr. Dzutsev served as country director for the British media development organization the Institute for War and Peace Reporting and was based in Vladikavkaz.

Yaron Eisenberg

Yaron Eisenberg is an associate with the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, specializing in terrorism, nuclear proliferation and defense policy issues. He was formerly with the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence.

Joshua Eisenman

Joshua Eisenman is the co-editor of “China and the Developing World: Beijing’s Strategy for the 21st Century,” and author of the book’s chapter on China's strategy towards Africa (M.E. Sharpe 2006).

Adel El-Adawy

Adel El-Adawy is a Ph.D. candidate at King’s College London War Studies Department.

Tuba Eldem

Dr. Tuba Eldem is a post-doctoral fellow at the Research College of the Transformative Power of Europe, Freie Universität, Berlin. She holds a Ph.D in political science from the University of Toronto. She has contributed to academic journals, such as Turkish Policy Quarterly, and newspapers, including Hurriyet Daily News and Today's Zaman.

Evan Ellis

Dr. Evan Ellis is an analyst of Latin American economic, political and security issues, with a research focus on Latin America’s relationships with China and other actors beyond the region, including India, Russia and Iran. He is Associate Professor with the William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies and non-Resident Senior Fellow with the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington DC. Dr. Ellis has published 75 works, including the 2009 book China in Latin America: The Whats and Wherefores and the 2013 book The Strategic Dimension of Chinese Engagement with Latin America, as well as articles in national security, finance, and technical journals. His new book, Chinese Companies On the Ground in Latin Americais anticipated for publication through Palgrave Macmillan in late 2014. Dr. Ellis holds a PhD in political science with a specialization in comparative politics.

Jeffrey  Engstrom

Jeffrey Engstrom is with the Arlington, Va., office of the RAND Corporation, a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decision-making through research and analysis.

Andrew S. Erickson

Andrew S. Erickson, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Strategic Research Department at the U.S. Naval War College and a founding member of the department’s China Maritime Studies Institute (CMSI). He is a Fellow in the Princeton-Harvard China and the World Program, an Associate in Research at Harvard University’s Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies, and a Fellow in the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations’ Public Intellectuals Program. Erickson is coeditor of, and a contributor to, the Naval Institute Press book series, “Studies in Chinese Maritime Development,” comprising China, the U.S., and 21st Century Sea Power (forthcoming 2010), China Goes to Sea (2009), China’s Energy Strategy (2008), and China’s Future Nuclear Submarine Force (2007). He can be reached through www.andrewerickson.com. The views represented in these articles are his alone, and do not reflect the policies or estimates of the U.S. Navy or any other organization of the U.S. government.

Daniel  Erikson

Daniel P. Erikson is Senior Associate for U.S. policy at the Inter-American Dialogue, where he manages a program on China-Latin American relations.

Bilun Erim

Bilun Erim is a research analyst at Middle East Technical University, Turkey.

Andrew Exum

Andrew Exum is a Soref fellow at The Washington Institute, focusing on contemporary Middle Eastern insurgencies and counter-insurgency strategies. Mr. Exum served in the U.S. Army from 2000 to 2004, leaving active duty as a captain. He was decorated for valor in 2002 while leading a platoon of light infantry in Afghanistan. Subsequently, he led a platoon of Army Rangers into Iraq in 2003 and into Afghanistan in 2004. He lived in Beirut until recently.

Riccardo Fabiani

Riccardo Fabiani is a political analyst on North African affairs for Exclusive Analysis and has previously published for the Power and Interest News Report (PINR) and Equilibri.net. He holds an MPhil in International Relations from the University of Cambridge.

Christine Fair

Christine Fair is the coordinator for South Asia research programs at the United States Institute for Peace (USIP)

Theresa Fallon

Theresa Fallon is a Senior Associate with the European Institute of Asian Studies and is based in Brussels.

Li Fan

Li Fan is a Research Fellow at the World and China Institute, a private think tank, in Beijing.

Ali Farassati

Ali Farassati obtained his Ph.D. in geopolitics from the University of Paris in France, and is a former professor of political science at Azad Islamic University of Iran. He currently resides in the United States.

Pavel Felgenhauer

Dr. Pavel E. Felgenhauer is an independent, Moscow-based defense analyst.

Jonathan Fenby

Jonathan Fenby is a co-founder of Trusted Sources and Managing Director of its China Team. Mr. Fenby previously was editor of the South China Morning Post, The Observer, and Reuters World Service as well as a senior correspondent for the Economist. An updated version of his most recent China-related book, Tiger Head, Snake Tails: China Today will be published in the United States by Overlook Press in October.

Zhu Feng

Zhu Feng is currently the visiting fellow at the Freeman Chair in China Studies, Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC. Professor Zhu is the director of the International Security Program at the School of International Relations at Peking University.

Matt Ferchen

Matt Ferchen is a resident scholar at the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, where he runs the China and the Developing World program. He is also an associate professor in the Department of International Relations at Tsinghua University, where he teaches courses on international and Chinese political economy as well as on China-Latin America relations.

Joseph Ferguson

Joseph Ferguson is a consultant for LMI in McLean, VA and an affiliate professor of international relations at the University of Washington.

Richard D. Fisher, Jr.

Richard D. Fisher, Jr. was a senior fellow with the Jamestown Foundation and was the managing editor of China Brief.

Benedict F. Fitzgerald

Mr. Benedict F. FitzGerald is an independent political-military consultant with nearly forty years of experience dealing with Middle Eastern, South Asian and Central Asian affairs. His career has included service with the U.S. military and intelligence communities, as well as in the private sector.

Derek Henry Flood

Derek Henry Flood is an independent author and journalist who blogs at the-war-diaries.com. Derek is the editor of Jamestown's Militant Leadership Monitor publication.

Duncan Freeman

Duncan Freeman is a writer and consultant based in Brussels specializing in EU-China relations.

Guy Fricano

Dr. Guy Fricano lectures at the University of Chicago, Elmhurst College, and the University of St Francis, and is a Masters candidate at the University of St Andrews Center for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence. His current research examines propaganda of Mexico's drug war.

Orhan Gafarli

Orhan Gafarli is a PhD candidate in International Relations at Ankara University who specializes in Post Soviet Studies and International Relations. He speaks Russian, Turkish and Azerbaijani. Mr. Gafarli currently works with the New Turkey Center For Strategic Studies based in Ankara. Previously, he has cooperated with several analytical centers, including the Foreign Policy Center in Moscow, Strategic Outlook in Ankara, and SETA Think Thank.

Gary Gambill

Gary C. Gambill, a political analyst for Freedom House and adjunct professor at College of Mount Saint Vincent, has published widely on Lebanese and Syrian affairs. He is the former editor of Middle East Intelligence Bulletin.

Cristina Garafola

Cristina Garafola is an M.A. candidate at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and holds a certificate from the Hopkins-Nanjing Center for Chinese and American Studies. Cristina has previously interned at the Department of State and most recently with the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. She speaks Chinese, German, and is currently learning Burmese.

John Garver

John Garver is Professor of International Relations at the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Oleksandr Gavrylyuk

Oleksandr Gavrylyuk is a journalist and Ukrainian expert based in Kyiv who has covered the region for 15 years.

Khalil Gebara

Khalil Gebara is a Lebanese researcher and holds a PhD in Middle Eastern Politics from the University of Exeter (UK)

Khwaja Geedar Khan

Khwaja Geedar Khan lives in Peshawar and works for various Western humanitarian aid organizations.

Dainius Genys

Dr. Dainius Genys is currently engaged in research projects related to the sociology of energy security, civil society studies and sociology of sport. Currently, he works at the Lithuanian Energy Institute as a visiting fellow. In 2013, he won a post-doc fellowship to work on the “Energopolis” project (funded by the Research Council of Lithuania). Dr. Genys is a visiting Russian, Eurasian and East European Studies fellow at Columbia University’s Harriman Institute, at the NATO Energy Security Center of Excellence, at Syracuse University’s Maxwell School for Citizenship and Public Affairs, at Hebrew University’s Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, as well as at the University of Messina. He is a member of the Lithuanian sociological association, the European sociological association, and the Advancement of Baltic Studies Association.

Bates Gill

Dr. Bates Gill holds the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. A specialist in East Asian foreign policy and politics, Dr. Gill focuses primarily on China's domestic transformation, China's regional diplomacy, and US-China relations.

Bruce Gilley

Bruce Gilley (Ph.D. 2008, Princeton University) is an Associate Professor of Political Science. His research centers on democracy, legitimacy, and global politics, and he is a specialist on the comparative politics of China and Asia. He is the author of four university-press books, including The Right to Rule: How States Win and Lose Legitimacy (2009) and China's Democratic Future (2004) in addition to Tiger on the Brink: Jiang Zemin and China's New Elite (1998).

Antonio Giustozzi

Dr. Antonio Giustozzi is a Research Fellow at the Crisis States Research Centre at the London School of Economics. He is the author of several articles and papers on Afghanistan, as well as of two books, "War, Politics and Society in Afghanistan, 1978-1992" (Georgetown University Press) and "Koran, Kalashnikov and Laptop: The Neo-Taliban Insurgency, 2002-7" (Columbia University Press). His next book, "Empires of Mud: War and Warlords in Afghanistan," will appear in 2008. He is currently researching issues of governance in Afghanistan.

Akram Gizabi

Akram Gizabi is a freelance writer based in the United States who specializes in Afghan political and military affairs.

Bonnie S. Glaser

Bonnie S. Glaser is a Senior Fellow in the Freeman Chair for China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).

Gregory Gleason

teaches international relations and administration at the University of New Mexico. He is the author of Federalism and Nationalism: the Struggle for Republican Rights in the USSR (1991), Central Asian States: Discovering Independence (1996), and Markets and Politics in Central Asia (2003) as well as scholarly articles in Europe-Asia Studies, Problems of Post-Communism, Asian Perspective and other journals.

Joshua Gleis

Joshua Gleis is a Research Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University, and a PhD Candidate at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. As a researcher at the Jebsen Center for Counter Terrorism Studies, his areas of focus are counterterrorism, counterinsurgencies, and the Middle East. His dissertation explores how to more effectively withdraw from insurgencies.

Steven Glinert

Steven Glinert is a China analyst at DGI. He graduated from George Washington University with a degree in International Relations in 2010 and has written papers for the Minerva Project.

Paul Goble

Paul Goble is a longtime specialist on ethnic and religious questions in Eurasia. Most recently, he was director of research and publications at the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy. Earlier, he served as vice dean for the social sciences and humanities at Audentes University in Tallinn and a senior research associate at the EuroCollege of the University of Tartu in Estonia. While there, he launched the “Window on Eurasia” series. Prior to joining the faculty there in 2004, he served in various capacities in the U.S. State Department, the Central Intelligence Agency and the International Broadcasting Bureau as well as at the Voice of America and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He writes frequently on ethnic and religious issues and has edited five volumes on ethnicity and religion in the former Soviet space. Trained at Miami University in Ohio and the University of Chicago, he has been decorated by the governments of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania for his work in promoting Baltic independence and the withdrawal of Russian forces from those formerly occupied lands.

Paul H.b. Godwin

Dr. Paul H.B. Godwin retired as professor of international affairs at the National War College in the summer of 1998, where his teaching and research concentrated on Chinese defense and security policy. Professor Godwin is currently a consultant and serves as a non-resident scholar in the Atlantic Council's Asia-Pacific Program. His most recent publication is "China's Defense Establishment: The Hard Lessons of Incomplete Modernization" in Laurie Burkitt, Andrew Scobell and Larry Wortzel (eds.).

Justin Goldman

Justin Goldman is a 2013 United States-Indonesia Society Summer Studies Fellow at Gadjah Mada University and a Non-Resident Sasakawa Peace Foundation Fellow with Pacific Forum at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Lyle  Goldstein

Lyle Goldstein is an Associate Professor in the China Maritime Studies Institute (CMSI) of the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, RI. His most recent co-edited book is Chinese Aerospace Power: Evolving Maritime Roles (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2011).

Sebastian Gorka

Sebastian Gorka is Adjunct Professor at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies Program on Terrorism and Security Studies and Executive Director of the Institute for Transitional Democracy and International Security (ITDIS).

Audra Grant

Audra K. Grant, PhD, is a political scientist at RAND. Her research focuses on the Middle East, and issues related to the development of political Islam, terrorism, as well as the attitudinal orientations of Middle East publics. Prior to joining RAND, she was an analyst at the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Intelligence for five years.

Stephen Green

Stephen Green is Head of the Asia Program at Chatham House, London.

Sergei Gretsky

Sergei Gretsky is the Chair of Central Asia Area Studies at the Foreign Service Institute of the US Department of State.

Christopher Griffin

Christopher Griffin is a research fellow in Asian Studies at the American Enterprise Institute. He can be reached at [email protected]

Armen Grigoryan

Armen Grigoryan is an Armenian political scientist. His research interests include post-communist transition, EU relations with Eastern Partnership countries, transatlantic relations, energy security, and conflict transformation. He is the author of several book chapters, journal articles, and policy papers.

Madeleine Gruen

Madeleine Gruen is an intelligence analyst and a candidate for a master's degree from Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs.

Pan Guang

Pan Guang is the Director and Professor of Shanghai Center for International Studies and Institute of Eurasian Studies at Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, Director of SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) Studies Center in Shanghai, Dean of Center of Jewish Studies Shanghai (CJSS) and Vice Chairman of Chinese Society of Middle East Studies.

Olivier Guitta

Olivier Guitta is a foreign affairs and counter-terrorism consultant in Washington DC and the founder of the newsletter The Croissant, located at http://www.thecroissant.com.

Ibragim Gukemukh

Dr. Ibragim Gukemukh received his PhD in History from Kabardino-Balkarian University, and served as head of the Department of Pre-Revolutionary History in the National Museum of Kabardino-Balkaria. Later, he was a researcher at the History Department of the Kabardino-Balkarian Institute for Humanitarian Studies. He has written for Sovetskaya Molodyozh, Goryanka, and Moscovsky Komsomolets–Kabardino-Balkaria.

Kristen Gunness

Kristen Gunness is a China advisor for the Department of the Navy. She has extensive experience studying, living, and working in China, and has written extensively on Chinese security, foreign, and economic affairs

Michael Gunter

Michael M. Gunter is a professor of political science at Tennessee Technological University in Cookeville, Tennessee and teaches during the summer at the International University in Vienna, Austria. He is the author of five critically praised scholarly books on the Kurdish question, the most recent being Kurdish Historical Dictionary, 2004; The Kurdish Predicament in Iraq: A Political Analysis, 1999; and The Kurds and the Future of Turkey, 1997. He was a former Senior Fulbright Lecturer in International Relations in Turkey and Israel.

Charles Gurin

has covered developments in the former Soviet Union for more than a decade and also carried out journalistic assignments in other parts of the world, including Africa and Latin America. He specializes in Russian domestic and foreign policy.

Kathryn Haahr

Ms. Haahr is a foreign affairs and counter-terrorism consultant in Washington, D.C.

Eric Hagt

Eric Hagt is the Director of the China Program at the Center for Defense Information.

Keith Hand

Keith Hand is an Associate Professor of Law at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law. Prior to joining the UC Hastings faculty, he served as Beijing Director and Senior Fellow at the Yale Law School China Law Center and as Senior Counsel to the Congressional-Executive Commission on China. He is the author of "Resolving Constitutional Disputes in Contemporary China" (University of Pennsylvania East Asia Law Review, 2012).

Brian Harding

Brian Harding is a research associate in the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Previously, he was a Fulbright fellow in Indonesia in 2006-2007

Paul Hare

Ambassador Paul Hare is the executive director of the U.S.-Angola Chamber of Commerce. He served as the U.S. Ambassador to Zambia from 1985 to 1988 and as the U.S. Special Representative for the Angolan Peace Process from 1993-1998. From 1988-1989, he also served as the principal deputy assistant secretary of state in the Bureau of the Near East and South Asian Affairs of the Department of State.

Daniel M. Hartnett

Daniel M. Hartnett is a research scientist with CNA’s China Studies Division. He is a former soldier in the U.S. Army, and is currently finishing up his PhD. The views expressed here are his and his alone.

Ahmed Hashim

Professor Ahmed S. Hashim is a leading authority on Middle Eastern, Central and South Asian security issues. A member of the United States Naval War College's strategic research department, Hashim recently returned from field research in Iraq.

Umida Hashimova

Umida Hashimova is an independent scholar based in Washington, D.C. She is a native of Uzbekistan, where she used to work for the United Nations mission before moving to the U.S.

Muhammad Haniff  Hassan

Muhammad Haniff Hassan is Associate Research Fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU) where he specializes in counter-ideology. He has a Master degree in Strategic Studies from NTU and currently a PhD candidate of the same program there. He also holds a degree in Islamic Studies.

Ali Hatajuqua

Ali Hatajuqua is an expert on the Caucasus.

William R. Hawkins

William R. Hawkins is Senior Fellow for National Security Studies at the U.S. Business and Industry Council.

Timothy Heath

Mr. Timothy R. Heath serves as a Senior International Defense Research Analyst with the RAND Corporation. He previously served as a senior analyst on China issues in the U.S. Pacific Command's China Strategic Focus Group. Mr. Heath has over fifteen years’ experience as a China specialist. He earned his M.A. in Asian Studies at the George Washington University and speaks fluent Mandarin. Timothy Heath is also the author of the book, China's New Governing Party Paradigm: Political Renewal and the Pursuit of National Rejuvenation (Ashgate, 2014). It is available to purchase from Ashgate Publishing: http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9781472407665.

Chris Heffelfinger

Chris Heffelfinger is an independent researcher affiliated with the Combating Terrorism Center at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point. He is also the editor of Unmasking Terror: A Global Review of Terrorist Activities (Vol I and II, The Jamestown Foundation).

Justin Hempson-Jones

Justin Hempson-Jones is a freelance analyst. He recently completed an MPhil in International Relations at the University of Oxford.

Nicholas A. Heras

Nicholas A. Heras is a Middle East researcher at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) and an associated analyst for the Jamestown Foundation.

Jeffrey Herbst

Professor Jeffery Herbst is Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs at Miami University, in Ohio, and a co-author of "The Future of Africa: A New Order in Sight?"

Samantha Hoffman

Samantha Hoffman graduated from the University of Oxford with an MSc in Modern China Studies in 2011 and previously worked as a research intern at The Jamestown Foundation. In 2010, she earned her BA degrees from Florida State University in International Affairs and Chinese Language and Culture. She also has studied Chinese at Tianjin Foreign Studies University.

James  Holmes

James Holmes is an Associate Professor of Strategy at the Naval War College and co-author of Chinese Naval Strategy in the 21st Century: The Turn to Mahan. The views expressed here are his own.

Andrew Holt

Andrew Holt is a Southeast Asia analyst based in Los Angeles.

Nong Hong

Nong Hong is a Postdoctoral Fellow with the China Institute at the University of Alberta, and a Deputy Director of the Research Center for Oceans Law and Policy at the National Institute for South China Sea Studies.

Loro  Horta

Loro Horta is a graduate of the Peoples Liberation Army National Defense University senior officer’s course and the Chinese Ministry of Commerce Central School. He his also a graduate of the US National Defense University and is currently pursuing further studies at the US Naval Post Graduate School.

Michael Horton

Michael Horton is a Senior Analyst for Arabian Affairs at The Jamestown Foundation where he specializes on Yemen and the Horn of Africa. He also writes for Jane's Intelligence Review, Intelligence Digest, Islamic Affairs Analyst, and the Christian Science Monitor. Mr. Horton studied Middle East History and Economics at the American University of Cairo and Arabic at the Center for Arabic Language and Eastern Studies in Yemen. Michael frequently travels to Yemen, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

Daniel Houpt

Daniel Houpt is a recent graduate of the Georgetown University Security Studies Program, where he wrote his thesis on Chinese space policy. He previously interned with the Department of Defense, Third Way and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Russell Hsiao

Russell Hsiao is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at the Project 2049 Institute, and a National Security Fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies in Washington, DC. He served as Editor of China Brief from 2007-2011. He is currently a J.D. candidate at the Columbus School of Law at Catholic University in Washington, DC. The opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily represent the positions of the affiliate organizations.

Michael Hsiao

Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao, Ph.D., is the Director of Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, and Professor of Sociology, National Taiwan University, in Taipei, Taiwan.

Teh-wei Hu

Dr. Teh-wei Hu is Professor Emeritus of Health Economics at the University of California, Berkeley. He was born in China and received his PhD in economics from the University of Wisconsin. He has been advising the Chinese Ministry of Health, the World Bank and the World Health Organization on health care financing and tobacco control during the past twenty years and has more than 200 publications in the field.

Jing Huang

Jing Huang, Ph.D., is visiting professor at Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore

Chin-hao Huang

Chin-Hao Huang is a Researcher with the Freeman Chair.

Cindy Hurst

Cindy Hurst is an analyst with the U.S. Army’s Foreign Military Studies Office. She is the author of over two dozen major studies and articles, including: China's Rare Earth Elements Industry: What Can the West Learn,China's Ace in the Hole: Rare Earth Elements, and Common Misconceptions of Rare Earth Elements. Ms. Hurst is a lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy Reserve.

Fuad Huseinzadeh

Fuad Huseinzadeh is a Baku-based journalist.

Frank Hyland

Frank Hyland served in the National Security Agency, the Central Intelligence Agency's Counter-Terrorist Center and the National Counter-Terrorism Center. He has been involved in counter-terrorism work for more than 25 years. Mr. Hyland has taught at both The Johns Hopkins University and the Joint Military Intelligence College and is presently on the faculty of the American Public University System. His career includes an 18-month tour in Ankara, Turkey. He is the author of Armenian Terrorism: The Past, The Present, The Prospects published by Westview Press. As the CEO of S&F Enterprises, he is presently a consultant to both private-sector and public-sector clients.

Aslan Idar

Aslan Idar is a freelance journalist based in Nalchik.

Masako Ikegami

Masako Ikegami is Professor and Director of the Center for Pacific Asia Studies (CPAS) at Stockholm University. She holds Doctor of Sociology from University of Tokyo, and a Ph.D. in peace & conflict research from Uppsala University, Sweden. Her research interests include Asian security & confidence building, arms control & disarmament and non-proliferation issues.

Alisher Ilkhamov

Alisher Ilkhamov is a Research Fellow at the University of London, SOAS.

Zafar Imran

Zafar Imran is an independent analyst based in Washington DC.

Michael A. Innes

Michael A. Innes is a Visiting Research Fellow in the School of Politics and International Studies, University of Leeds, and a regular contributor to Foreign Policy magazine’s AfPak Channel.

Grigory Ioffe

Grigory Ioffe is a Professor of Human Geography at Radford University in Radford, Virginia.

Sydney Irving

Sydney Irving is an independent journalist based in East Africa.

Den Isa

Den Isa is an expert on Krygystan.

David C. Isby

David Isby is a Washington-based author and defense and foreign policy analyst.

Phone: (703) 549-7423

Noor Huda Ismail

Noor Huda Ismail is a consultant on the impact of religion on political violence in Southeast Asia. Mr. Ismail has been doing extensive research on jihadist networks and religious extremism. His works have been published in numerous publications, including the Washington Post, YaleGlobal online, the Australian, the Straits Times and the Jakarta Post.

Fariz Ismailzade

is a freelance writer based in Baku. He holds a master's degree from Washington University in St. Louis and currently works for Cornell Caspian Consulting. The views expressed in this article are solely his own and do not represent the views of this organization.

Elie Issa

Elie Issa is a Lebanese analyst focusing on the Middle East and North Africa regions for the past eight years. His interests include geopolitical, security and macroeconomic topics.

Idil P. Izmirli

Dr. Idil P. Izmirli is currently a Visiting Scholar and a Part-Time Faculty at George Mason University’s School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution. In 2012, she was hired as an expert by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s (OSCE) High Commissioner on National Minorities (HCNM) to assess the needs and to prepare a report on the Integration of Formerly Deported People in Crimea, Ukraine, which was published on August 16, 2013. Dr. Izmirli’s research has been funded by various Title VIII research grants including the Social Science Research Council (SSRC), the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars’ Kennan Institute, IREX (IREX-IARO and two consecutive IREX STGs), Fulbright, and the Regional Policy Symposium on Regional Security in Eastern Europe and Eurasia Junior Scholarship, as well as two consecutive fellowships from George Mason University’s “Partnership for Conflict Resolution Development in Ukraine” program, supported by the US Department of State, through which she took part in launching the Crimean Institute of Peace as well as a student-run university mediation and dispute resolution center. In 2013, for the third time in a row, she was awarded an IREX STG (Title VIII grant) for her continuing research in Crimea.

Joshua Jacobs

Joshua Jacobs is a Middle Eastern Policy Analyst and published columnist at the Institute for Gulf Affairs.

Arif Jamal

Arif Jamal is a visiting fellow at the New York University and author of “Shadow War – The Untold Story of Jihad in Kashmir.”

A. Jamali

A. Jamali is an expert of Afghanistan.

N. Janardhan

Dr. N. Janardhan is the editor of Gulf in the Media at the Gulf Research Center, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Mendee Jargalsaikhany

Jargalsaikhany Mendee is a political science PhD student at the University of British Columbia. He has worked at the Mongolian Ministry of Defense, Embassy in Washington, DC, and Institute for Strategic Studies.

Gareth Jenkins

Gareth Jenkins is a writer and journalist resident in Istanbul, where he has been based for the last 20 years.

John Jennings

John Jennings wrote extensively on Afghanistan from 1987-1994 for the Associated Press, the Economist and other publications. He returned to journalism in November 2001 to cover Afghanistan for the Washington Times and also worked as a Dari interpreter for BBC television.

Rian Jensen

Rian Jensen was formerly the Associate Editor of China Brief at The Jamestown Foundation.

You Ji

You Ji, Ph.D., is Associate Professor in School of Social Science & International Studies at the University of New South Wales.

Wenran Jiang

Dr. Wenran Jiang is the Director of Canada-China Energy and Environment Forum and its annual conference since 2004. Currently, he is Special Advisor to the Alberta Department of Energy on Asian market diversification, Wilson Centre Global Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars in Washington DC, and Special Advisor on China to the US and Canada based Energy Council. Before taking a partial leave from his tenure at the University of Alberta’s Department of Political Science, Dr. Jiang was the Founding Director (2005-2008) and Inaugural Mactaggart Research Chair (2008-2011) of the University’s China Institute. Traveling to China very frequently, and other parts of the world with field research, Dr. Jiang has written extensively on the rise of China and its impact on the Chinese political economy and the rest of the world, with a major focus on the shifting balance of power in the global economy, international finance and energy and resource sectors. He is currently completing a book on why Canada needs to diversify its energy market to Asia. Alberta Venture magazine has named Dr. Jiang as one of the 50 most influential people in Alberta for 2014.

Shixue Jiang

Jiang Shixue is the Vice President of the Chinese Association of Latin American Studies and Professor at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Xide Jin

Dr. Jin Xide is a professor and the deputy director of the Institute of Japanese Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), where he has been working since 1994. He received his MA in History of Japanese Modern Philosophy from Yan Bian University, and a PhD in Japanese Diplomacy from the University of Tokyo

Jing Jing

Jing Jing is an M.A. candidate at the Georgetown University’s Department of Government and a intern at the Woodrow Wilson Center.

Wilson John

Wilson John is a Senior Fellow with Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi, India.

Gregory D. Johnsen

Gregory D. Johnsen, a former Fulbright Fellow in Yemen, is currently a Ph.D. candidate in Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University.

Sabine Johnson-Reiser

Sabine Johnson-Reiser is a junior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s Energy and Climate program. Her research focuses on Chinese energy and climate policies. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the Carnegie Endowment.

Michael Jonsson

Michael Jonsson is a Partner at the AML/CFT Group and a Ph.D student at the Department of Government at Uppsala University, Sweden. He is currently a Marcus Wallenberg Scholar at Georgetown University in Washington DC. Mr. Jonsson previously worked at the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and as a Research Fellow at the Institute for Security and Development Policy in Stockholm, Sweden, where he specialized in researching terrorist financing and money laundering in Europe.

Javier Jordán

Javier Jordán (PhD) is a Lecturer in the Department of Political Science, University of Granada (Spain). He was a Research Fellow at the Training and Doctrine Command of the Spanish Army and a NATO Research Fellow. He is currently Editor in-Chief of JihadMonitor.org.

Sirwan Kajjo

Sirwan Kajjo is a Syrian-Kurdish analyst based in Washington, D.C. He writes extensively about Syrian and Kurdish politics.

Dominic Kalms

Dominic Kalms is an analyst specializing in Middle East and Latin American national security affairs. He holds a Master's Degree in International Affairs from Columbia University.

Roy D. Kamphausen

Roy D. Kamphausen is the Director of the Washington, DC office, and Director of National Security Affairs at The National Bureau of Asian Research. He is a retired U.S. Army China Foreign Area Officer and previously served as a military attache in Beijing, intelligence analyst, as strategic plans officer on the Joint Staff, and as the China Country Director in the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Roger Kangas

Roger Kangas is an expert on Eurasia.

Ashok Kapur

Dr. Kapur is Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Department of Political Science, University of Waterloo, Ontario. He is the author of Pokhran and Beyond, second edition in paper, Oxford University Press, Delhi, 2003, and Regional Security Structures in Asia, Routledge, London, 2003 among other works on the subcontinent.

Saban Kardas

Saban Kardas works as Assistant Professor of International Relations at the TOBB, Economy and Technology University in Ankara, Turkey.

Isaac Kardon

Isaac B. Kardon is a Contract Researcher at the Center for Strategic Research at National Defense University’s Institute for National Strategic Studies. The views expressed are his own and do not reflect the official policy or position of the National Defense University, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. government. INSS Distinguished Research Fellow Phillip C. Saunders and INSS China Security Fellow Michael Glosny provided helpful comments.

Jesse Karotkin

Jesse Karotkin is a Senior China Analyst with the Department of the Navy. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Navy or Department of Defense.

Aida Kasymalieva

Aida Kasymalieva is a leading expert from Kyrgyzstan who lives is Moscow and writes for RFE/RL and other outlets.

Kazuyo Kato

Kazuyo Kato is an associate with Armitage International.

Hiro Katsumata

Hiro Katsumata, Ph.D., is Research Associate of the Centre for Governance and International Affairs at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom.

Mark Katz

Mark N. Katz is a professor of government and politics at George Mason University. His recent publications include, “Osama bin Laden as Transnational Revolutionary Leader,” Current History, February 2002; “Post-Iraq and Beyond: What Can We Expect from Trilateral US/EU/Russian Cooperation in the Greater Middle East Region,” EastWest Institute, March 2004; and “Saudi-Russian Relations Since 9/11,” Problems of Post-Communism, March-April 2004.

Bernd Kaussler

Dr. Bernd Kaussler holds a MA and PhD from the University of St. Andrews and is currently Assistant Professor in Political Science at James Madison University. As Associate Fellow at the Institute for Iranian Studies at St. Andrews, he is involved in various research projects on contemporary Iranian politics and foreign policy.

Harry Kazianis

Harry J. Kazianis serves as Managing Editor for the National Interest and Non-Resident WSD Handa Fellow, CSIS: PACNET. He previously served as Editor of The Diplomat.

Thomas E. Kellogg

Thomas E. Kellogg is Program Officer and Advisor to the President at the Open Society Institute.

David Kelly

Professor David Kelly is a Senior Research Fellow at the East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore.

Jason Kelly

Jason Kelly is a research assistant at the RAND Corporation.

Emma Kelly

Emma Kelly is a recent graduate of Hobart and William Smith Colleges with a B.A. in Sociology and minors in International Relations and Political Science. She studied abroad in Argentina and received a Korea Foundation scholarship to attend a week-long seminar at Yonsei University on Korean culture and U.S.-Korean relations.

J. Bryan Kennard

J. Bryan Kennard is a senior Political Science student at Muskingum University.

Nazery Khalid

Nazery Khalid is a Research Fellow at the Maritime Institute of Malaysia

Lydia Khalil

Lydia Khalil recently returned from Iraq where she worked as governance policy advisor for the Coalition Provisional Authority in Baghdad. Prior to that, Lydia was appointed to the White House Office of Homeland Security. She has worked at home and abroad for the U.S. government, international organizations, private companies and think-tanks on a variety of Middle East political and terrorism issues.

Afzal Khan

Afzal Khan is a political and terrorism analyst of the Afghanistan-Pakistan region. After many years as a Writer-Editor with the former U.S. Information Agency and as a Terrorism Editor for London-based Jane's Information Group, he is now a contractual writer for the U.S. State Department specializing in the Middle East and South Asia region.

Mukhtar A. Khan

Mukhtar A. Khan is a Pashtun journalist based in Washington, D.C., covering the issues of Taliban and al-Qaeda in Pakistan-Afghanistan border regions. Since 9/11, he has extensively covered the War on Terror in Pakistan-Afghanistan tribal areas, both for the local and international media, including the BBC, Mail on Sunday, and Voice of America. Before shifting to Washington D.C., Mukhtar closely monitored Pakistan’s tribal areas by paying frequent visits to it and interviewing top Taliban leadership. Currently, he is working on a book on increasing trends of militancy in Pakistan-Afghanistan border regions and its spillover to rest of the world. He is also contributing articles to various local and international publications on terrorism.

Massoud Khodabandeh

Massoud Khodabandeh is a former member of the Mojahedin-e-Khalq, and mainly served in the organization's intelligence/security department. Khodabandeh left the Mojahedin in 1996 and currently lives in the north of England, where he works as a security consultant.

Mustafa Kibaroglu

Dr. Mustafa Kibaroglu teaches courses on international security and Turkish foreign policy in the Department of International Relations at Bilkent University in Ankara, Turkey.

Mikyoung Kim

Dr. Mikyoung Kim is a Faculty Researcher at Hiroshima Peace Institute/Hiroshima City University in Japan.

Alexander Kim

Alexander Kim is an expert on Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and the Central Asian region.

Ryan Kinsella

Ryan Kinsella is a Research Associate for Russia at DGI. He has studied in Moscow and holds an M.A. in International Politics with a focus on Russia and Eastern Europe from the American University. He also holds a B.A. in Political Science and Russian from Dickinson College.

Jacob W. Kipp

Jacob W. Kipp retired from federal service in September 2009 and is currently an Adjunct Professor at the University of Kansas and a weekly columnist on Eurasian Security for the Jamestown Foundation. He received his PhD. in Russian History from the Pennsylvania State University in 1970. From 1971 to 1985 he taught Russian and Military History at the Kansas State University. In January 1986 he joined the newly founded Soviet Army Studies Office (SASO) at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, as a senior analyst. In 1991, SASO became the Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO). In 2003, Dr. Kipp became director of FMSO and served in that capacity until October 2006, when he joined the School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS) as Deputy Director. He has published extensively on Russian and Soviet naval and military history. Topics have included Russian naval reform in the 19th century, Soviet naval history and analysis, operational art in theory and practice, and foresight and forecasting in Russian and Soviet military affairs. From 1992 to 2001 he served as the US editor of European Security. His most recent publications are: "Military Theory, Strategy, and Praxis," co-authored with Dr. Lester Grau, Military Review, (March-April 2011), pp. 12-22 and "Russian Military Doctrine: Past, Present, and Future," in: Stephen J. Blank, Russian Military Politics and Russia's 2010 Defense Doctrine, (Carlisle Barracks: PA: U. S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2011), pp. 63-153

Eugene Kogan

Dr. Eugene Kogan is currently a guest researcher at the International Institute for Liberal Policy in Vienna. He is a defense industry analyst with expertise on Russia, Eastern Europe, Israel and China.

Jiri Kominek

Jiri Kominek is an independent journalist based in Prague. Since 1993 he has covered business, political and security developments throughout Central and Eastern Europe, the CIS and Central Asia for a variety of publicatons including Business New Europe, CNBC European Business and the Jane's Information Group.

Zaina Konbaz

Zaina Konbaz is currently a research assistant at the Middle East Institute (MEI). She has a master's degree in political science from George Mason University. Her research interests focus on authoritarian regime emergence and resilience, human rights and terrorism in the Middle East.

Carlo Kopp

Carlo Kopp, Ph.D., is head of capability analysis with the Air Power Australia think tank, a research fellow in regional military strategy at the Monash Asia Institute, and an active researcher in computer networking, satellite navigation and radar theory at the Monash Faculty of IT in Melbourne, Australia. He is a leading authority on Russian and Chinese weapons technology.

Pavel Korduban

Pavel Korduban is a freelance writer based in Kyiv.

Victor Korgun

Victor Korgun is a Doctor of Historical Sciences and Chief of the Afghanistan Department at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Panos A. Kostakos

Panos A. Kostakos is Ph.D candidate and teaching associate in the Department of European Studies and Modern Languages at the University of Bath. His main research interest is the social embeddedment of organized crime and terrorist networks in the Balkans. He is fluent in Greek, English and French.

Daniel  Kostecka

Daniel Kostecka is a Senior China Analyst with the Department of the Navy. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Navy or Department of Defense.

Asbed Kotchikian

Asbed Kotchikian is a PhD candidate in political science at Boston University. His areas of interest include the post-Soviet South Caucasus and the Middle East, with a focus on foreign policy, political change and development.

Yasir Kuoti

Yasir Kuoti is a former consultant in the Institute of National Strategic Studies at National Defense University.

Roman Kupchinsky

Roman Kupchinsky was born in Vienna, Austria and immigrated to the United States in 1949. He graduated with a degree in Political Science from Long Island University; served in the US Army as a rifle platoon leader in Vietnam. From 1978-1988 was President of Prolog Research Corp., a Ukrainian language publishing house and research company. From 1990-2002 was Director of the Ukrainian service of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. From 2002-2008 was a senior analyst at RFE/RL. He was the author of numerous articles on Ukrainian affairs, Russian energy and international politics. He edited RFE’s Organized Crime and Corruption Watch as well as two collections of samizdat articles “The Nationality Problem in the USSR” and “Pogrom in Ukraine”. He lived in Arlington, Virginia. Mr. Kupchinsky passed away in January, 2010.

Taras Kuzio

Taras Kuzio is an Austrian Marshall Plan Foundation Visiting Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations, School of Advanced International Studies, John Hopkins University, in Washington D.C. He edits Ukraine Analyst.

Reuben Kyama

Reuben Kyama is currently an Erasmus Mundus scholar at the Department of Journalism and Publishing at City University, London. Prior to that, he spent six years working as a journalist in Nairobi where he contributed to the New York Times, Kyodo news agency, Deutsche Welle Radio Service and Kenya's leading daily newspapers, the Nation and the Standard, among other publications.

I-chung Lai

I-Chung Lai, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor at the Mackay Medicine College of Nursing and Management.

Kanchan Lakshman

Kanchan Lakshman is a Research Fellow for the Institute for Conflict Management, New Delhi.

Willy Lam

Dr. Willy Wo-Lap Lam is a Senior Fellow at The Jamestown Foundation. He is an Adjunct Professor at the Center for China Studies, the History Department and the Program of Master’s in Global Political Economy at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He is the author of five books on China, including "Chinese Politics in the Hu Jintao Era: New Leaders, New Challenges."

Jozef Lang

Józef Lang is a Central Asia analyst at the Center for Eastern Studies (OSW, Polish: rodek Studiów Wschodnich) in Warsaw, Poland. Graduated from Warsaw University - BA in international relations with thesis about the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. Fluent Russian speaker, currently working on issues regarding political developments in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, as well as the evolution of Islamic radicalism in the region as a whole.

Jennifer Lang

Jennifer Lang is a freelance consultant with a background in counterterrorism, defense and security analysis. She recently spent a year covering the jihadist threat to the UK and conducting country risk reporting for Qatar, the UAE and Algeria for the political risk firm, Stirling Assynt. She obtained her MPhil in International Relations from Cambridge University in 2011.

Christian Nils  Larson

Christian Nils Larson is a Partner at The AML/CFT Group. He holds an MA in Central Eurasian Studies from Indiana University and a certificate in Political Science from l’Institut d’Etudes Politiques in Aix-en-Provence, France. Mr. Larson has worked as an expert consultant for numerous law firms handling national security cases. Previously he ran a USDA-funded microfinance program in Uzbekistan and worked as a Contributing Researcher for the Institute for Security and Development Policy in Stockholm, Sweden on terrorist financing and money laundering issues.

Marlene Laruelle

Dr. Marlene Laruelle is a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. She works on Eurasianism, Russian Nationalism and on the Russia's growing role in Asia.

Michael Lauber

Michael Lauber is CEO of the Liechtenstein Bankers' Association. From 2001 to 2004, he served as the Director of Liechenstein's Financial Intelligence Unit.

Namju Lee

Dr. Namju Lee is a visiting scholar at Harvard University’s Fairbank Center for East Asian Research and an associate professor in the department of Chinese studies at Sungkonghoe University in South Korea.

John Lee

John Lee is a visiting fellow at the Centre for Independent Studies (CIS) and Managing Director of Sydney-based research company L21. Dr. Lee is the author of "Will China Fail?" (CIS, 2007).

Itamar  Lee

Itamar Y. Lee is a Visiting Fellow of the Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi, India. He is the author of “Dragon’s Digital Eyes beyond the Himalayas: Online Chinese Nationalism toward Pakistan and India,” in Shaun Breslin and Simon Shen, eds., Online Chinese Nationalism and China’s Bilateral Relations (Lexington Books, forthcoming).

Jordan Lee

Jordan Lee is a research assistant at The Brookings Institution.

James Leibold

James Leibold is Senior Lecturer in Politics and Asian Studies at La Trobe University in Melbourne Australia. He is the author most recently of Ethnic Policy in China: Is Reform Inevitable? (Honolulu: East West Center, 2013).

Leeshai Lemish

Leeshai Lemish has been writing about Falun Gong since 2001, and is currently conducting research with Ethan Gutmann for an upcoming book on the subject.

Matthew Levitt

Matthew Levitt, a former FBI counterterrorism analyst, is a senior fellow and Director of Terrorism Studies at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

Philip I. Levy

Dr. Philip I. Levy is a Resident Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. From 2003 to 2005, he was Senior Economist for Trade for the President's Council of Economic Advisers. From 2005 to 2006, he handled international economic issues as a member of the Secretary of State's Policy Planning Staff.

Joanna I. Lewis

Dr. Joanna Lewis is the Senior International Fellow at the Pew Center on Global Climate Change and an adjunct professor at Georgetown University's Walsh School of Foreign Service. From 2000-2005, Dr. Lewis worked with the China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and from 2003-2004 she was a visiting scholar at the Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy at Tsinghua University in Beijing.

Mingjiang Li

Li Mingjiang, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore.

Nan Li

Dr. Nan Li is a visiting senior fellow at the East Asian Institute of the National University of Singapore. He is the editor of Chinese Civil-Military Relations (Routledge, 2006).

Cheng Li

Dr. Cheng Li is the William R. Kenan Professor of Government at Hamilton College in New York and a Visiting Fellow at the John L. Thornton China Center of the Brookings Institution in Washington DC. Dr. Li is currently conducting research on the 5th generation of leaders, who are expected to emerge during the 17th Party Congress in the fall of 2007.

Jianmin Li

Li Jianmin is a professor at the Institute of Population and Development in the School of Economics at Nankai University

Brynjar Lia

Dr. Brynjar Lia is a research professor at the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment (FFI) and the author of a forthcoming biography on Abu Mus'ab al-Suri entitled Architect of Global Jihad: The Life of Al-Qaeda Strategist Abu Mus'ab Al-Suri (London: Hurst & Co Publisher, 2007). See www.hurstpub.co.uk/hurst/bookdetails.asp?book=192. Among his previous books are Globalisation and the Future of Terrorism: Patterns and Predictions (London: Routledge, 2005) and The Society of the Muslim Brothers in Egypt, 1928-1942 (Reading: Ithaca Press, 1998).

Matthew A. Light

Dr. Matthew A. Light is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He conducted field research on the politics of Adygeia in Maikop from May to July 2006 while holding an Independent Advanced Research Opportunity fellowship from IREX.

Robyn Lim

Robyn Lim is Professor of International Relations at Nanzan University, Nagoya, Japan, and the author of "The Geopolitics of East Asia".

Joseph E. Lin

Mr. Joseph E. Lin is the former Associate Editor of China Brief at The Jamestown Foundation. He is the co-founder of the Johns Hopkins University East Asian Forum & Review and currently serves as a member of its Board of Advisors.

Chong-pin Lin

Dr. Chong-Pin Lin is the President of the Foundation on International and Cross-Strait Studies and a professor in the Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies at Tamkang University. He formerly served as Taiwan’s Deputy Minister of National Defense and was the first Vice Chairman of the Mainland Affairs Council. He is the author of China’s Nuclear Weapons Strategy (Lexington Books, 1988), and Yizhi Qusheng [Win With Wisdom] (Taipei: Global Defense Magazine Publisher, 2005).

Cheng-yi Lin

Cheng-yi Lin, Ph.D., is the Executive Director of the Center for Asia-Pacific Area Studies (CAPAS), and Research Fellow at the Institute of European and American Studies, both at Academia Sinica, Taiwan.

Christina Lin

Christina Y. Lin, Ph.D. is research consultant for IHS Jane’s and former director for China affairs in policy planning at the U.S. Department of Defense. Her 2008 paper linking Middle East and East Asia nuclear issues, “The King from the East” published by the Korea Economic Institute, was recently referenced in The Wall Street Journal.

Joseph Y. Lin

Joseph Y. Lin currently studies at the Graduate Institute of International Affairs and Strategic Studies of Tamkang University in Taipei, Taiwan. He has held executive positions in multinational corporations and investment companies in the U.S., China, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Mr. Lin’s most recent article “The Changing Face of Chinese Military Generals: Evolving Promotion Practices Between 1981 and 2009” was published in The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis in March 2010.

Toby Lincoln

Toby Lincoln is a researcher in corporate social responsibility and reputations management. He received a Masters in Chinese Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London

Baopu Liu

Xingzhu Liu

Dr. Xingzhu Liu (M.D., Ph.D., MPH) is a principal scientist with Abt Associates Inc. and has more than 20 years of experience in health economics and public health. Prior to joining Abt Associates, Dr. Liu was a Global Leadership Fellow in Health with the World Health Organization, and a professor and director of the Institute of Social Medicine and Health Policy at Shandong University, China.

Fu-kuo Liu

Fu-Kuo Liu, Ph.D., is a Research Fellow, Institute of International Relations, National Chengchi University. He was 2006-2007 visiting fellow at the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies, the Brookings. His research works focuses on regional security, the United States policy in Asia and regionalism in Asia.

Zining  Liu

Liu Zining is a graduate student specializing in North American studies at the China Foreign Studies University, and Dr. Wenran Jiang’s research assistant.

Yawei Liu

Yawei Liu is director of the China Program and has been a member of numerous Carter Center missions to monitor Chinese village, township, and county people's congress deputy elections since 1997. He was associate professor of American history at Georgia Perimeter College until December 2008. Dr. Liu has written extensively on China's political developments and grassroots democracy, including three edited book series: "Rural Election and Governance in Contemporary China" (Northwestern University Press, Xi'an, 2002 and 2004), "The Political Readers" (China Central Translation Bureau Press, Beijing, 2006) and "Elections & Governance" (Northwestern University Press, Xian, 2009). He is the founder and editor of the China elections and governance website www.chinaelections.org. Dr. Liu is also co-author of the popular Chinese book "Obama: The Man Who Will Change America" (October 2008).

David Livingston

David Livingston is a research fellow in the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace's Energy and Climate Program, where he provides support for a portfolio of regional and thematic projects.

Christine Loh

Christine Loh is the CEO of Civic Exchange, an independent non-profit think tank, which has worked with numerous surveying experts to track public opinion throughout the campaign period.

Matthew  Luce

Matthew Luce is a Mandarin linguist-analyst at SAIC. He has worked and traveled extensively in China, and his research focuses on Chinese technology development and policy.

Ahmad Lutfi

Ahmad Lutfi is a political and terrorism analyst, and a Middle East specialist based in Ottawa, Canada. His background and life in China, Europe, the Middle East and North America provide the basis for his research interests which span state-civil society relations; democratization; human rights; jihad; domestic politics, regional dynamics and international relations of the Middle East; Muslim communities, political Islam; terrorism; and Xinjiang. Ahmad was educated in the UK and China and is interviewed regularly by the international media for his insight into the Middle East and Muslim affairs. Among his publications, his monograph "Blowback: China and the Afghan Arabs" addresses the links between China's involvement in the Afghanistan Jihad and its ongoing struggle to pacify its restive Muslim communities in Xinjiang.

Daniel C. Lynch

Daniel C. Lynch is Assistant Professor of International Relations at the University of Southern California. He is the author of Taiwan's Self-Conscious Nation-Building Project and the forthcoming book, The International Dimension of Asian Democratization: "Recentering" Thailand, China, and Taiwan.

Matthew Lyons

Mr. Lyons has spent several years as a counterterrorism analyst advising the American government.

Haiyun Ma

Haiyun Ma is Assistant Professor of History at Frostburg State University in Maryland, and his research focuses on China’s Islam and Muslims.

Mohan Malik

Mohan Malik, Ph.D., is a Professor at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies in Honolulu. He is the author of China and India as Global Powers: Back to the Future? (forthcoming), Dragon on Terrorism, The Gulf War: Australia’s Role and Asian-Pacific Responses, co-editor of Religious Radicalism and Security in South Asia, and editor of Australia’s Security in the 21st Century, The Future Battlefield, and Asian Defence Policies.The views expressed here do not reflect the official policy or position of the Center or the U.S. Department of Defense.

George Mamulia

Dr. George Mamulia is a politologist, a Former State Counselor of foreign affairs of the personal staff of the President of Georgia (in the period of Eduard Shevardnadze) and a former diplomat. He worked in the Embassy of Georgia in Moscow in 1995-2000.

Paul Mancinelli

James Manicom

James Manicom, Ph.D., is a Research Fellow in the Asian Institute at the University of Toronto and Visiting Scholar in the School of Political and International Studies at Flinders University in Adelaide, Australia.

Nathaniel Manni

Nathaniel Manni is an Army veteran, who served 3 years active duty with the 82nd Airborne Division and 4 years in the Massachusetts National Guard. He received a Bachelor of Science in Journalism from Suffolk University where he graduated with high distinction and a Master of Arts in Diplomacy (concentrating in international terrorism) from Norwich University where he was indoctrinated into the Sigma Iota Rho, Honor Society for International Studies. He has been published twice in the academic journal Global Security Studies and speaks both Russian and French.

Muhammad Mansour

Muhammad Mansour is a highly accomplished investigative journalist with more than ten-year, solid track record of producing high-quality print and online reports for international media outlets, including The Washington Post, The Guardian, The Times and Egypt Independent. He covers a broad range of topics related to Egyptian politics and global affairs. Mansour examines the junctions of Egyptian politics and society as they slowly disintegrate under the pressure of a ruthless military dictatorship. He gave lectures on new media and the Arab Spring in the Czech Republic and India. Mansour is currently a fellow at the Leaders for Democracy program at Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University in New York.

Yufeng Mao

Yufeng Mao, Ph.D., is a historian of modern China. She researches the history of Muslims in China and Sino-Middle Eastern connections.

Erica Marat

Erica Marat, PhD, is an analyst and reporter at Voice of America's Russian Service. The views expressed here do not represent those of Voice of America, the Russian Service, or the U.S. Government.

Ramzy Mardini

Ramzy Mardini is an adjunct fellow at the Beirut-based Iraq Institute for Strategic Studies. He previously was a researcher on Iraq at the Institute for the Study of War and on Iranian politics at the Center for Strategic Studies at the University of Jordan - Amman. Mr. Mardini has also served at the Office of Vice President Joseph Biden and within the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs at the State Department. He is the editor of two books published by the Jamestown Foundation, Volatile Landscape: Iraq and its Insurgent Movements and The Battle for Yemen: Al-Qaeda and the Struggle for Stability, and holds degrees in international relations from the Ohio State University and the University of Chicago.

David Marples

David Marples is Professor of History and Classics at the University Alberta in Edmonton. He is the author of ten books on Soviet and post-Soviet affairs, including Belarus: From Soviet Rule to Nuclear Catastrophe (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996) and Belarus: A Denationalized Nation (Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1999).

Erich Marquardt

Erich Marquardt is an independent researcher affiliated with the Combating Terrorism Center at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point. He previously was the Program Manager of Global Terrorism Analysis at The Jamestown Foundation.

Lionel Martin

Lionel Martin is an expert on Russia.

Peter Martin

Peter Martin is a government relations consultant for APCO Worldwide in Beijing. His client work focuses on elite politics, state-owned enterprises, and investment policy in China.

Ryan Martinson

Ryan Martinson is research administrator in the China Maritime Studies Institute of the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island.

Omid Marzban

Omid Marzban has worked for Good Morning Afghanistan Radio Station and Radio Free Europe. He is based in Afghanistan.

Lieutenant General Talat Masood

Lieutenant General Talat Masood is a retired officer of the Pakistan Army and writes on security issues for a variety of national and international newspapers and magazines.

Andria Matrone

Andria Matrone is a Master’s candidate in Security Policy Studies at the George Washington University and a Research Intern at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.


Peter Mattis

Peter Mattis is the Editor of China Brief at The Jamestown Foundation. Mr. Mattis received his M.A. in Security Studies from the Georgetown University?s School of Foreign Service and earned his B.A. in Political Science and Asian Studies from the University of Washington in Seattle. He previously studied at Tsinghua University in Beijing, taking Chinese language courses and auditing courses on Chinese history and security policy. He previously worked as a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Asian Research in its Strategic Asia and Northeast Asian Studies programs, providing research assistance and editing support. Most recently, Mr. Mattis worked as an international affairs analyst for the US Government. He is proficient in Mandarin Chinese and possesses elementary German language skills.

Peter Mattis

Fellow, China Brief 

Peter Mattis is a Fellow in the China Program at The Jamestown Foundation and a PhD student in Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge. He edited Jamestown’s biweekly China Brief from 2011 to 2013. Prior to The Jamestown Foundation, Mr. Mattis worked as an international affairs analyst for the US Government. He received his M.A. in Security Studies from the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and earned his B.A. in Political Science and Asian Studies from the University of Washington in Seattle. He also previously worked as a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Asian Research in its Strategic Asia and Northeast Asian Studies programs.

Munir Mawari

Munir Mawari is a Yemeni-American journalist and native speaker of Arabic. Currently a freelance writer, he has worked previously for al-Jazeera TV, Voice of America and Asharq al-Awsat. He appears frequently on the BBC Arabic service and other satellite TV channels.

Kevin  McCauley

Kevin McCauley has served as senior intelligence officer for the former-Soviet Union, Russia, and China during his career in the federal government. He has written numerous intelligence products for decision makers and combatant commands, including contributing to the annual Report to Congress on China’s military power. Mr. McCauley is currently researching and writing a book on Chinese warfare.

Roger McDermott

Senior Fellow - Eurasia Program 

Roger N. McDermott specializes in Russian and Central Asian defense and security issues and is a Senior Fellow in Eurasian Military Studies, The Jamestown Foundation, Washington DC, Senior International Research Fellow for the Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO), Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and Affiliated Senior Analyst, Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen. McDermott is on the editorial board of Central Asia and the Caucasus and the scientific board of the Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies. He recently wrote The Reform of Russia’s Conventional Armed Forces: Problems, Challenges and Policy Implications (October 2011).

Ronan McGee

Ronan McGee is an M.A. candidate in Middle East Studies at George Washington University. He studied Arabic in Yemen in 2007 and in Lebanon in 2010. He works for a global risk consultancy in the Washington, D.C. area.

Andrew McGregor

Andrew McGregor is Director of Aberfoyle International Security, a Toronto-based agency specializing in security issues related to the Islamic world. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto’s Dept. of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations in 2000 and is a former Research Associate of the Canadian Institute of International Affairs. In October 2007 he took over as managing editor of the Jamestown Foundation’s Global Terrorism Analysis publications. He is the author of an archaeological history of Darfur published by Cambridge University in 2001 and publishes frequently on international security issues. His latest book is A Military History of Modern Egypt, published by Praeger Security International in 2006. Dr. McGregor provides commentary on military and security issues for newspapers (including the New York Times and Financial Times), as well as making frequent appearances on radio (BBC, CBC Radio, VOA, Radio Canada International) and television (CBC Newsworld, CTV Newsnet, and others).

Mark McNamee

Mark McNamee is an Intelligence Analyst for Sub-Saharan Africa at an international risk consulting firm in the Washington, D.C. region as well as a contract employee for the U.S. Army Combating Terrorism Center. He has an MA in International Relations from Johns Hopkins University (SAIS), with concentrations in Russian & Eurasian Studies and International Economics, and studied Russian in St. Petersburg, Russia for two years.

Eric A. Mcvadon

Rear Admiral Eric A. McVadon retired after serving at the U.S. embassy in Beijing and has been a consultant on East Asian security affairs for various DoD and intelligence organizations for the past 15 years. He is also the director of Asia-Pacific Studies for the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis. His writings on China’s relations with the Koreas include “China’s Military Strategy for the Korean Peninsula” in China’s Military Faces the Future, China’s Foreign Military Relations, and “China’s Goals and Strategies for the Korean Peninsula” in Planning for a Peaceful Korea.

Fu S.  Mei

Fu S. Mei is the Director of the Taiwan Security Analysis Center (TAISAC), a research and consulting practice with focus on Taiwan military and security issues, based in New York. He received a Political Science degree from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

A. Greer Meisels

A. Greer Meisels is the Associate Director and Research Fellow, China and the Pacific, at the Center for the National Interest.

Giorgi Menabde

Giorgi Menabde is a journalist based in Georgia.

Silvia Menegazzi

Silvia Menegazzi is Post-doc Research Fellow and Teaching Assistant in International Relations at LUISS Guido Carli University in Rome. Her research interests focus on Chinese think tanks, Chinese foreign policy and China-EU relations.

Qingyue Meng

Dr. Qingyue Meng (MD, PhD) is a professor of Health Economics at the Center for Health Management and Policy, Shandong University, China. He is also a member of the Ministry of Health’s “Experts Committee on Policy and Management” as well as “Advisory Committee on Tuberculosis Control.”

Wangchuk Meston

Wangchuk Meston, a researcher with International Campaign for Tibet, is a human rights advocate and has been involved in field research relating to refugees, migration and population transfer in Tibet, including the World Bank project in Qinghai Province.

Francesco F. Milan

Francesco F. Milan is a PhD candidate and a teaching assistant in intelligence at the Department of War Studies, King's College London. He also works as a consultant and analyst on Turkey-related security and political matters. His publications are available at www.ffmilan.net.

Hayder Mili

Hayder Mili is an independent researcher specializing in terrorism and security issues in Central Asia and the Caucasus

Greg Mills

Greg Mills, Ph.D., heads the Brenthurst Foundation in Johannesburg, South Africa, and during 2008 is on secondment to Rwanda as the ‘Strategic Adviser to the President.'

Dumitru Minzarari

Dumitru Minzarari is an OSI Doctoral Fellow with the Department of Political Science at the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. Previously he worked as a foreign and security policy analyst with the Moldova-based IDIS "Viitorul" think tank writing on national and international security.

Carl Minzner

Carl Minzner is a professor at Fordham Law School specializing in China law and governance. He is the author of “China’s Turn Against Law” (American Journal of Comparative Law, 2011) and co-author (with Wang Yuhua) of “The Rise of the Security State” (China Quarterly, forthcoming 2015).

Jonathan Mirsky

Jonathan Mirsky, was the China correspondent of The Observer [London] and East Asia Editor of The Times [London]. In 1989 he was named the British editors' International Journalist of the Year for his reporting from Tiananmen. He lives in London.

Georgiy Mirsky

Professor Georgiy Mirsky is a senior research fellow at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

Abdullahi Ahmed  Mohamed

Abdullahi Ahmed Mohamed is a Nairobi based journalist who has worked with several Somali websites for the last six years. He is now the editor of one of the Somali news website Nabadnews.com. He has reported on Islamist movements in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia for a number of websites, including Kismaayonews.com, Kismaayood.com, Somalireal.com, Danwaanews.com and Nabadnews.com.

Ronald Montaperto

Ronald N. Montaperto recently retired as Dean of Academics at the Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies in Honolulu, Hawaii. He now lives and works as an independent consultant in Washington, D.C.

Cerwyn Moore

Dr. Cerwyn Moore is a Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Birmingham.

Andrea Morigi

Andrea Morigi is a journalist with the Italian daily Libero and the author of the book "Le Multinazionali del Terrore."

Lyle  Morris

Lyle J. Morris is a research assistant at The RAND Corporation. From 2010–11, he was a Next Generation Fellow at The National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR).

Sami Moubayed

Dr. Sami Moubayed is a Syrian writer and political analyst. He is the author of many books on Syria including Steel & Silk: Men and Women Who Shaped Syria 1900-2000 (Cune Press 2005).

Hussain Mousavi

Hussain Mousavi writes on the Middle East.

James P. Muldoon, Jr.

James P. Muldoon, Jr. is Senior Fellow of the Center for Global Change and Governance, Rutgers University, Newark.

Laurent Murawiec

Laurent Murawiec is a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute. He is most recently the author of "La Guerre D'apres," a book about Saudi Arabia published in France by Albin Michel Publishers.

Aset Murtazalieva

Aset Murtazalieva is a reporter for the independent Chechen newspaper Groznensky rabochy.

Roman  Muzalevsky

Roman Muzalevsky works for iJet Intelligent Risk Systems, Inc. and is a Contributing Analyst at Wikistrat. He received his MA in International Affairs with concentration in Security and Strategy Studies from Yale University.

Brigadier Vijai K Nair

Brigadier Vijai K Nair VSM (retired) is a defense analyst specializing in nuclear strategy formulation and author of two books, including "Nuclear India."

Farangis Najibullah

Farangis Najibullah is a writer for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.

M. D. Nalapat

Professor M. D. Nalapat is director of the School of Geopolitics of the Manipal Academy of Higher Education, India.

Nathan Nankivell

Nathan Nankivell is Senior Researcher at the Office of the Special Advisor Policy at Maritime Forces Pacific Headquarters. The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy of Canada’s Department of National Defense.

Hani Nasira

Hani Nasira is an Egyptian writer who specializes in ideological movements. He is the author of several books, including Al-Qaeda and Jihadi Salafism: Intellectual Streams and Limits of Verification (2008); Religious Converts: A study of the phenomenon of conversion (2009); The Crisis of the Arab Renaissance and the War of Ideas (2009); and New Liberalism in the Arab World (2007).

Peter Navarro

Peter Navarro is a business professor at the University of California-Irvine and author of The Coming China Wars (Financial Times). www.peternavarro.com

Hamad Nazzal

Hamad Nazzal an in­de­pend­ent analyst-journalist who has extensive experience reporting from the Middle East for the U.S. government. He is a former writer for Middle Eastern TV Network and Radio Sawa.

Daniel Neep

Daniel Neep is an Associate Fellow with the Middle East & North Africa Programme at the Royal United Services Institute for Defence & Security Studies (RUSI).

Naima Nefliasheva

Naima Nefliasheva has a PhD in history (Candidate of Historical Sciences) and is a docent and senior research fellow in the Center for Civilization and Regional Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow). Dr. Nefliasheva taught in the State University of Adygeya (Maikop) for over a decade and has published more than 50 articles in scholarly journals and newspapers. She is a specialist in the history and current state of Islam in the North-West Caucasus.

Alexander Nemets

is a Russian researcher based in the United States who specializes in Russian and Chinese developments in defense and military reform as well as the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA).

Judit Neurink

Judit Neurink is editor of the Middle East section at a Dutch daily. Neurink recently published a book on the Iranian terrorist group, the Mojahedin-e-Khalq, entitled “Misled Martyrs.”

Tarique Niazi

Tarique Niazi teaches Environmental Sociology at the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire. He specializes in Resource-based Conflicts. He may be reached via email: [email protected]

Ozcan  Nihat Ali

Dr. Nihat Ali Özcan is a security policy analyst at the Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (TEPAV) and a lecturer at the TOBB University of Economics and Technology in Ankara. He is an expert on the Turkish military and the PKK.

Magnus Norell

Magnus Norell, PhD is Director of the Center for the Study of Low-intensity Conflicts and Terrorism (CLIENT) and a Senior Analyst at the Swedish Defence Research Agency.

Eric Norman

Eric Norman is a freelance writer based in Azerbaijan.

Evgenii  Novikov

Senior Fellow - Terrorism Program  

Dr. Evgenii Novikov, an expert on Islam and on the politics and economics of the Persian Gulf region. Born in Kyrgyzstan of Russian parents, Dr. Novikov received his Master's degree in Business and Foreign Trade in the Gulf States from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations, and his PhD in the politics and economy of Arabic countries from the Moscow Institute of Social Sciences. He also has extensive practical experience in Central Asia and the Persian Gulf region. As an elite Soviet expert on Islamic affairs, his responsibilities over the years ranged from instruction in the theory and practice of socialism to students from Islamic countries to advising Arab leaders on political affairs, international relations and trade issues. His official duties as a representative of the Soviet Communist Party's International Department provided Dr. Novikov with the opportunity to establish close personal and working relationships with many high-ranking officials in Islamic republics, including Yemen, Iraq and Kuwait. Following his defection to the United States in 1988, Dr. Novikov served on the faculty of the U.S. Naval War College and of the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Germany, where he instructed pro-democracy leaders of the then newly independent nations of Central Asia.

Evgenii Novikov

Seth Nye

Seth Nye is an Instructor with the Combating Terrorism Center (CTC) at West Point's Practitioner Education Program and an Adjunct Professor at New York University (NYU) where he teaches a graduate course on terrorism and insurgencies. He spent four years as an Intelligence Analyst and Team Leader with the New York City Police Department’s (NYPD’s) Counterterrorism Bureau and Intelligence Division. Prior to the NYPD, Mr. Nye was a Navy Intelligence Officer where among various positions he was assigned to the Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force-Afghanistan (CJSOTF-A) and a F/A-18F Super Hornet squadron (VFA-102).

Fredrick Nzwili

Fredrick Nzwili is a journalist writing on political, social and religious developments from Kenya's capital, Nairobi. Most of his writing involves attempts at providing the religious dimension of new developments. He is a graduate of Sociology and Literature from the University of Nairobi. He also hold a post-graduate diploma in Mass Communication (Journalism) from the University of Nairobi, School of Journalism.

Carole A. O'Leary

Carole A. O'Leary is a Visiting Scholar at the Columbus School of Law's Program in Law & Religion within the Catholic University of America (CUA).

Brian O'Neill

Brian O'Neill is an independent political analyst based out of Chicago, and is a former reporter for the Yemen Observer.

Liselotte Odgaard

Liselotte Odgaard is an Associate Professor at the Royal Danish Defence College. Her most recent book is China and Coexistence: Beijing’s National Security Strategy for the 21st Century (2012).

Guido Olimpio

Guido Olimpio is security correspondent for Corriere della Sera and has been a researcher on international terrorism for the past 20 years.

Akpobibibo Onduku

Akpobibibo Onduku holds a PhD in Peace Studies specializing in International Politics and Security Studies from the University of Bradford, UK and Masters in Law in Intercultural Human Rights from the St. Thomas University School of Law in Miami. He has researched extensively on peace and security and worked at the grassroots level in peace education through community programs in the crisis-ridden and oil-rich Delta region of Nigeria.

Matthew Oresman

Matthew Oresman is the Director of the China-Eurasia Forum and has published widely on China-Central Asia relations. More detailed recommendations of how the United States can cooperate with China in Central Asia will be published in the May edition of the CEF Monthly, available online at www.chinaeurasia.org.

Andrew L. Oros

Andrew L. Oros is an Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of International Studies at Washington College. In 2010-11, he was a visiting professor at Peking University and Keio University funded by a Japan Foundation Abe Fellowship where he conducted research on prospects for China-Japan-U.S. trilateral security cooperation. He is the author of Normalizing Japan: Politics, Identity, and the Evolution of Security Practice (Stanford University Press, 2008) and numerous other articles and monographs related to the politics of security in East Asia.

Shaun Overton

Shaun Overton is an independent analyst specializing in the Arab World. He has just returned from nine months of research in Yemen.

Nihat Ali Ozcan

Dr. Nihat Ali Ozcan is a security policy analyst at the Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (TEPAV) and a lecturer at the TOBB University of Economics and Technology in Ankara. He is an expert on the Turkish military and the PKK.

Keun-wook Paik

Dr. Keun-Wook Paik is a London-based specialist on Sino-Russian oil and gas relations and is currently an associate fellow at the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House). He is the author of “Gas and Oil in Northeast Asia” and co-author of “China Natural Gas Report. He is currently working on book project titled “Sino-Russian Oil and Gas Cooperation.”

Emil Pain

Emil Pain is Director of the Center of Ethnopolitical Studies in Moscow.

Jagannath P. Panda

Jagannath P. Panda is a researcher from the Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi, India, where he studies Chinese Military affairs and Sino-Indian Relations.

Raffaello Pantucci

Raffaello Pantucci is a Senior Fellow at the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) and the author of the forthcoming We Love Death as You Love Life: Britain’s Suburban Mujahedeen (Hurst/Columbia University Press).

Prashanth Parameswaran

Prashanth Parameswaran is a PhD candidate at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and a freelance journalist. He has written widely about international affairs in the Asia-Pacific and blogs about the region at The Asianist [www.asianist.wordpress.com].

Alison Pargeter

Alison Pargeter is a Research Fellow at the International Policy Institue, Kings College London. She has published widely on Libya.

Alison Pargeter

Alison Pargeter is a Research Fellow at the International Policy Institue, Kings College London.

Gulshan  Pashayeva

Center for Strategic Studies, Azerbaijan

Mikko Patokallio

Mikko Patokallio is a senior contributor at The Ulkopolitist, the leading Finnish blog on foreign and security policy.

Dragan Pavlicevic

Dragan Pavlicevic holds a PhD from the University of Nottingham’s School of Contemporary Chinese Studies. Dragan researches both China’s domestic politics and foreign relations, and has published analysis of China’s current affairs for Serbian and international media.

Nenad Pejic

Nenad Pejic is Associate Director of Broadcasting for RFE/RL. Prior to joining RFE/RL in 1993 as Director of the South Slavic and Albanian Language Broadcast Service, Nenad held various positions with Sarajevo Television including, head of the news department, Belgrade correspondent, and Program Director. He also served for a brief stint as the Head of Publications and Public Relations at the European Institute for the Media. Nenad is a regular lecturer at universities in Germany, Ukraine, Georgia and Montenegro; international events such as NATO summits and the Salzberg Seminar; and to a number of Non-governmental organizations around Europe.

Yuan Peng

Yuan Peng is Deputy Director at the Institute of American Studies, China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations and former Visiting Fellow at the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies (CNAPS) at the Brookings Institution.

Alexandros Petersen

Alexandros Petersen was the author of The World Island: Eurasian Geopolitics and the Fate of the West (Praeger: 2011). A scholar of grand strategy and energy geopolitics, he served as an Advisor to the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington DC. He was widely published in The Economist, the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, as well as Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy and the National Interest. He appeared on the BBC, Sky News, CTV and NPR. He was killed in a bomb blast in Kabul, Afghanistan in January 2014.

Jeremy Peterson

Jeremy Peterson is a Brussel’s based journalist with experience in investigating organized crime in Europe and Russia for EU governments and the Council of Europe.

Sebastien Peyrouse

Sebastien Peyrouse is a Research Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and an Associate Scholar at the Institute for International and Strategic Research (Paris, France). He is the author or editor of five books on Central Asia and is currently working on Central Asia-China relations.

Sarah Phillips

Sarah Phillips lectures at the Centre for International Security Studies, Sydney University. She lived and worked in Yemen for nearly four years and specializes in Middle Eastern politics and the politics of state-building. Her recent book, Yemen’s Democracy Experiment in Regional Perspective (2008), was published by Palgrave Macmillan. She can be contacted at [email protected]

Carlos Mauricio Pineda Cruz

Carlos Mauricio Pineda Cruz, a former Salvadoran Diplomat who has been posted in Venezuela and Mexico, is currently studying at Oxford University’s Latin American Center.

Andrei Piontkovsky

Andrei Piontkovsky, director of the Center for Strategic Research in Moscow, has written extensively on Chechnya.

Algirde Pipikaite

Algirde Pipikaite is an expert on the Baltic States, especially political and international issues related to Lithuania. Moreover, she has international academic and professional experience working on European Union affairs. Ms. Pipikaite speaks fluent Lithuanian, English and German, and is proficient in Italian and French. Based in Washington, DC, she currently specializes in US policy toward the Eastern European and South Caucasus regions.

Avery Plaw

Avery Plaw is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. He is the author of several articles on drones and a book entitled Targeting Terrorists (Ethics and Global Politics) by Ashgate. He is a specialist on targeted assassinations.

Michaela Pohl

Michaela Pohl, Assistant Professor of History at Vassar College, has written extensively about post-Soviet politics and ethnic relations.

Kevin Pollpeter

Kevin Pollpeter is China Program Manager at Defense Group Inc.’s Center for Intelligence Research and Analysis.

Jeffrey Pool

Jeffrey Pool is a freelance consultant, specializing in security and terrorism issues in the Middle East. He is a former U.S. Army linguist, having received his diploma in Arabic from the Defense Language Institute in 1996. In 2003, Pool was selected as a Rotary World Peace Fellow to study conflict and security issues. This led him to pursue a Masters in International Relations at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris, which he completed in July 2005. Fluent in Arabic and French, Mr. Pool received his Bachelor of Arts with Honors in Middle East Studies from Portland State University. He also has an extensive background in Information Technology, which benefits his research on cyber-warfare and Jihadist groups operating online.

Geoff D. Porter

Dr. Geoff D. Porter was the North Africa analyst with Eurasia Group, a consulting firm that advises corporate, financial services and government clients on political risks in emerging markets. He is a fluent Arabic and French speaker who travels frequently throughout North Africa and has previously lived in Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt for extended periods.

Samir Ranjan Pradhan

Samir Ranjan Pradhan, Ph.D., is a Senior Researcher in the GCC Economics and Gulf-Asia Program at the Gulf Research Center, Dubai. He has authored several publications on Gulf-Asia relations and important among them is “Chindia and GCC: Emerging Interdependence and Implications for Regional Integration,” Gulf-Asia Research Bulletin, May 2008, Gulf Research Center.

Michael Preiss

Mr. Preiss is chief investment strategist for CFC Securities in Hong Kong, and a guest lecturer at the Graduate School of the People's Bank of China, the Chinese central bank.

Benjamin S. Purser, III

Benjamin S. Purser, III is a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science at the University of Colorado–Boulder. He previously served as an officer in the U.S. Navy. He is a graduate of the Naval War College, the Hopkins-Nanjing Center and Carleton College. The views presented in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the Naval War College, Department of the Navy or Department of Defense.

Susan Puska

Colonel Susan M. Puska (retired) is a former U.S. Army Attache. She currently works for Defense Group, Inc., in Washington, D.C.

Chris Quillen

Chris Quillen is a former analyst in the Counter-Terrorist Center at the Central Intelligence Agency.

Tom  Rafferty

Tom Rafferty is Visiting Fellow at Peking University's School of International Studies.

Babak Rahimi

Babak Rahimi received a Ph.D. from the European University Institute, Florence, Italy. Dr. Rahimi has also studied at the University of Nottingham and London School of Economics and Political Science, UK. He was a Senior Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace from 2005-2006, where he conducted research on Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani and Shiite politics in post-Baathist Iraq. He is currently an Assistant Professor at the Department of Literature, Program for the Study of Religion, University of California, San Diego.

Waliullah Rahmani

Waliullah Rahmani is a security and political affairs expert specializing in terrorism, insurgency, Afghanistan-Pakistan affairs and Islamic movements. He has led a think-tank in Kabul and advised national and international organizations on regional security and political trends of South Asia and Middle East

Sudha Ramachandran

Dr. Sudha Ramachandran is an independent researcher and journalist based in Bangalore, India. She has written extensively on South Asian peace and conflict, political and security issues for The Diplomat, Asia Times and Geopolitics.

William Ratliff

Dr. William Ratliff is a fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution and a research fellow at the Independent Institute.

Matthew Reed

Matthew M. Reed is a Middle East specialist at Foreign Reports, Inc., a consulting firm in Washington, DC. More of his commentary can be found at Al Ajnabee, where he writes about the Middle East and U.S. foreign policy. He completed his M.A. coursework at George Washington University in May 2011. The views expressed here are solely his.

Kent Regens

Kent Regens is a Financial Consultant with RBC Dain Rauscher. He attended the University of Edinburgh where he received an MSc in International and European Politics in 2005.

Zia Ur Rehman

Zia Ur Rehman is a journalist and researcher and works on militancy, human rights and development in Pakistan’s tribal areas. He is a Pakistan Pashtun belonging to the Swat Valley and has written for Central Asia Online, The News, New York Times and Newsline.

Thomas Renard

Thomas Renard is a Research Fellow at Egmont - Royal Institute for International Relations

John Reuter

John Reuter is a Fulbright scholar living in Ukraine.

Bruce Riedel

Bruce Riedel is a Senior Fellow in the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. He retired in 2006 after 30 years of service at the Central Intelligence Agency, including postings overseas. He was a senior advisor on South Asia and the Middle East to four Presidents of the United States in the staff of the National Security Council at the White House.

Shelley Rigger

Shelley Rigger is the Brown Associate Professor of Political Science at Davidson College. She is the author of two books on Taiwan politics, "Politics in Taiwan: Voting for Democracy" and "From Opposition to Power: Taiwan's Democratic Progressive Party."

Muhyadin Ahmed  Roble

Muhyadin Ahmed Roble is a Somali journalist who writes for SomaliaReport and AfricaNews as a correspondent based in Nairobi.

David Romano

David Romano is an assistant professor of International Studies at Rhodes College. He is the author of "The Kurdish Nationalist Movement" (2006, Cambridge University Press), in addition to numerous articles on Middle East politics, the Kurdish issue, forced migration, and globalization. He has spent several years conducting field research in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria and Israel.

Mikhail Roshchin

Mikhail Roshchin is a Senior Research Analyst at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Ed Ross

Ed Ross is the President and CEO of EWRoss International LLC, a company that provides global consulting services to clients in the international defense marketplace. He is the former Principal Director, Security Cooperation Operations, Defense Security Cooperation Agency; Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Affairs; and Senior Director for China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Mongolia, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. He has played a leading role in U.S.-Taiwan defense cooperation for over 25 years. He writes a weekly internet column at www.ewross.com.

Jonathan Ross-harrington

Jonathan Ross-Harrington is an analyst for the Intelligence and Terrorism Analysis Group at Applied Marine Technologies Inc (AMTI) and a specialist in Asia-Pacific security and counter-terrorism. He was formerly with the Center for Study for Terrorism and Political Violence at St. Andrews University, Scotland.

Morris Rossabi

Morris Rossabi is the author of Khubilai Khan and numerous other books on China and Mongolia. His latest book, Modern Mongolia: From Khans to Commissars to Capitalists (University of California Press, 2005) focuses on developments in Mongolia since the collapse of communism in 1990.

Igor Rotar

Igor Rotar is an expert on security, ethnic and religious trends in the North Caucasus and Central Asia. He has previously written for Nezavisimaya Gazeta, Komsomol’skaia Pravda, Izvestia, Rossia, Novie Izvestia, as well as the Forum 18 News Service.

Animesh Roul

Animesh Roul is the Executive Director of Research at the New Delhi-based Society for the Study of Peace and Conflict (SSPC).

Denny Roy

Dr. Denny Roy is an Asian security analyst based in Honolulu.

Vasili Rukhadze

Vasili Rukhadze holds a Ph.D. in political science at Kent State University, where he also teaches currently. He earned an M.A. in political science from the City University of New York. He was a Visiting Scholar at the Harriman Institute of Columbia University in 2007-2008. Mr. Rukhadze served as the Chairman of the Georgian Truth Commission from April to December 2010 (until the completion of the project).

Michael W. S. Ryan

Senior Fellow 

Dr. Michael W. S. Ryan is an independent consultant and researcher on Middle Eastern security issues and a Senior Fellow at the Jamestown Foundation. He is the author of Decoding Al-Qaeda’s Strategy: The Deep Battle Against America (Columbia University Press, 2013). Ryan has served as the Vice President of the Middle East Institute as well as Vice President at the Millennium Challenge Corporation (2007-2008), and as a political-military and foreign assistance specialist for the Departments of Defense and State with an emphasis on Middle East and North Africa (1979-1997). He is a former Fulbright Fellow at the American Research Center in Egypt. Ryan received his BA from St. John’s College and a PhD from Harvard University.

Juha Saarinen

Juha Saarinen is a senior contributor at The Ulkopolitist, the leading Finnish blog on foreign and security policy.

Giray Sadik

Giray Sadik received his Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Georgia. Dr. Sadik's research interests include U.S.-Turkish relations, transatlantic relations, foreign policy-domestic politics interaction, public opinion, and international counter-terrorism cooperation.

Zabikhulla S. Saipov

Zabikhulla Saipov is an independent Central Asian researcher with no political or institutional affiliation. The views are the author’s own.

Vijay  Sakhuja

Vijay Sakhuja, Ph.D., is Director (Research) at the Indian Council of World Affairs, New Delhi.

Syed Saleem Shahzad

Syed Saleem Shahzad is the Karachi bureau chief for Asia Times.

Mohamed Redzuan  Salleh

Mohamed Redzuan Salleh is a Research Analyst at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU). He is concurrently pursuing his Master degree in Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies at the Graduate School of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta, researching on the causes of jihadist deradicalization.

Mohammad Salman

Mohammad Salman is Ph.D. research fellow at the Brussels Institute of Contemporary China Studies (BICCS), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). His research focuses on Strategic Hedging and China's Policy in the Middle East. He is also a teaching assistant at Tishreen University in Syria.

Jean-Loup  Samaan

Jean-Loup Samaan is a researcher in the Middle East Department of the NATO Defense College (Italy).

Lale Sariibrahimoglu

Eurasia Analyst

Peter Y. Sato

Ambassador Peter Yoshiyasu Sato served as the Japanese Ambassador to Beijing from 1995 to 1998. He is currently the vice president of Japan-China Friendship Association and serves as an advisor to the Tokyo Electric Power Company and Shiseido Co.

Anvar Sattori

Anvar Sattori is an expert on Tajikistan and security issues in Central Asia.

Phillip C. Saunders

Phillip C. Saunders, Ph.D., is a Distinguished Research Fellow and Acting Research Director at the National Defense University’s Institute for National Strategic Studies. The views expressed are his own and do not reflect the official policy or position of the National Defense University, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

Julie Sawyer

Julie Sawyer is a Research Assistant at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

A.R. Sayyid

A. R. Sayyid is the editor of The Somali War Monitor Blog http://www.somaliwarmonitor.wordpress.com

Michael  Scheuer

Michael Scheuer served in the CIA for 22 years before resigning in 2004. He served as the Chief of the bin Laden Unit at the Counterterrorist Center from 1996 to 1999. He is the once anonymous author of Imperial Hubris: Why the West is Losing the War on Terror; his most recent book is Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq. Dr. Scheuer is a Senior Fellow with The Jamestown Foundation.

Charles Schmitz

Charles Schmitz is a specialist on Yemen and Arab political economy at Towson University, Baltimore, MD.

Rachel Schneller

Rachel Schneller is a diplomat in residence at the Council on Foreign Relations. She joined the State Department in 2001 as a Foreign Service Officer and has served abroad in Macedonia, Guinea, and Iraq. In 2009 she was awarded an International Affairs Fellowship at the Council on Foreign Relations for her research on Iraq. She holds a Master’s in International Relations and Economics from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). Rachel Schneller is a diplomat in residence at the Council on Foreign Relations and a Foreign. The views expressed in the article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. government or State Department. E-mail: [email protected] 2. Rachel Schneller joined the State Department in 2001 as a Foreign Service Officer and has served abroad in Macedonia, Guinea, and Iraq. In 2009 she was awarded an International Affairs Fellowship at the Council on Foreign Relations for her research on Iraq. She holds a Master’s in International Relations and Economics from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). The views expressed in her articles are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. government or State Department.

Clive Schofield

Clive Schofield, Ph.D., is QEII Research Fellow and Associate Professor at the Australian Centre for Ocean Resource and Security (ANCORS), University of Wollongong, Australia, where he is Director of Research.

Edward Schwarck

Stephen Schwartz

Stephen Schwartz is a frequent commentator on terrorism and related issues in national periodicals and websites. He is also the author of nine books on political history, the most recent being The Two Faces of Islam: The House of Sa'ud from Tradition to Terror (Doubleday Anchor paperback).

Emanuele Scimia

Emanuele Scimia is an independent journalist and geopolitical analyst.

Andrew Scobell

Dr. Andrew Scobell is Associate Professor of International Affairs at the George H. W. Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University. He was previously Associate Professor in the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College and Adjunct Professor of Political Science at Dickinson College both located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He is the author of China’s Use of Military Force: Beyond the Great Wall and the Long March (Cambridge University Press, 2003) and other publications. The views expressed here are the author’s own. They do not reflect the policies or positions of the U.S. Government, Department of Defense, or U.S. Army.

Emma Scott

Emma Scott is an Affiliate Researcher to the Centre for Chinese Studies in Stellenbosch University, South Africa. She is also a Defense and Security Freelance Analyst with Business Monitor International in London.

Kevin C. Scott

Kevin C. Scott is the Center Administrator of the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution.

Wali Shaaker

Born in Kabul-Afghanistan, Wali Shaaker is an adjunct policy analyst with RAND Corporation. He has served as an Associate Professor at Defense Language Institute, as a Senior Research Analyst at the Program for Culture and Conflict Studies (PCCS)—Naval Postgraduate School, and as the president of the Society of Afghan Professionals in California. His research interests include US foreign policy in South Asia, state formation and legitimacy, and the role of culture in politics. Shaaker has served as a political consultant for the US Special Forces and the Canadian forces deployed to Afghanistan. He is also a commentator on the Voice of America’s radio and television programs in Washington DC. Wali Shaaker is the author of Democracy’s Dilemma: The Challenges to State Legitimacy in Afghanistan (2008)

Tayyab Ali Shah

Tayyab Ali Shah is a free lance political and policy analyst. He is a Pashtun from Pakistan and has Masters degrees in Political Science, Business Administration and Public Policy. He has extensive experience in community development, policy advocacy and political education with both Pakistani and Afghan Pashtuns. Tayyab moderates the Pakhtunkhwa Peace Forum and has written for Pakistan’s Frontier Post and Daily Times.

Adrian Shahbaz

Adrian Shahbaz is a freelance Middle East analyst and contributing writer at Fair Observer, an international affairs website.

Farkhad Sharip

Farkhad Sharip is an independent journalist who lives in Alma-Aty, Kazakhstan.

Mohammad Shehzad

Mohammad Shehzad is an independent researcher in Pakistan with years of experience reporting on jihadi groups.

Dingli Shen

Shen Dingli is a professor and Director of Center for American Studies at Fudan University. He is also the Executive Dean of Fudan’s Institute of International Studies. He has a Ph.D. in physics and did arms control post-doc at Princeton University from 1989-1991. He was an Eisenhower Fellow (1997) and advise the UN Secretary General for strategic planning (2002).

Yitzhak Shichor

Dr. Yitzhak Shichor is Professor of East Asian Studies and Political Science at the University of Haifa, and Senior Fellow, the Harry S Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.

Erich Shih

Erich Shih is currently the Washington Bureau Chief of TVBS Network, a leading cable news channel in Taiwan. From 2003-2004, he was a Visiting Fellow with the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies (CNAPS) at the Brookings Institution.

Victor Shih

Victor Shih is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Northwestern University. His areas of expertise are Chinese political economy, banking reforms, and privatization.

David Shinn

During his 37 years at the Department of State, David Shinn served as Desk Officer for Somalia, Djibouti, and assistant for Ethiopia, State Department coordinator for Somalia during the U.S. intervention, Director of East and Horn of African Affairs, Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Sudan, and Ambassador to Ethiopia. He is now an adjunct professor in the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University.

Zaur Shiriyev

Zaur Shiriyev is a senior research fellow for the Caspian Energy Center at ADA University (May 2014). Before taking on his current position, he worked as a leading research fellow in the Foreign Policy Analysis Department at the Baku-based think tank Center for Strategic Studies (SAM) (September 2009 to May 2014). Prior to that, he worked in Turkey as a researcher at the Caucasus-Middle East Study Department of the Turkish Asian Center for Strategic Studies (TASAM) in Istanbul, and as a senior researcher for the Caucasus-Central Asia Department at the International Strategic Research Organization (ISRO) in Ankara (2004-2008). His areas of expertise include security, energy issues in the post-Soviet space, Turkish foreign policy, and the foreign and national security policies of the South Caucasus states, with an emphasis on the domestic determinants of such policies. Mr. Shiriyev is the author of more than one hundred professional articles and commentaries. He is co-editor of the book The Geopolitical Scene of the Caucasus: A Decade of Perspectives (Istanbul, 2013).

Murad Batal al- Shishani

Murad Batal al-Shishani is an Islamic groups and terrorism issues analyst based in London. He is a specialist on Islamic Movements in the Middle East and in the North Caucasus. He is a regular contributor to several publications in both Arabic and English. He is also author of the book “The Islamic Movement in Chechnya and the Chechen-Russian Conflict 1990-2000”, Amman, 2001 (in Arabic), "Iraqi Resistance: National Liberation vs. Terrorism: A Quantitative Study," November 2005 Iraqi Studies Series, Issue 5, Gulf Research Center-Dubai, and “Al-Qaeda: Geopolitical, Strategic Outlook and Social Composition, 2012, ECSSR-Abu Dhabi”.

Shin Shoji

Shin Shoji graduated from Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). He currently works as the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Analyst for NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation)’s Washington DC bureau.

Aaron Shraberg

Aaron Shraberg is a Research Associate with DGI's Center for Intelligence Research and Analysis. His work focuses on China's science and technology policies, research and development.

Stephen Shue

Stephen Shue is Senior Researcher of Boodc, a knowledge-based advisory firm in China

Sharif Shuja

Sharif Shuja is Research Associate in the Global Terrorism Research Unit at Monash University in Australia.

Abubakar Siddique

Abubakar Siddique is a journalist with RFE/RL and the author of The Pashtun Question: The Unresolved Key to the Future of Pakistan and Afghanistan (London: Hurst and Company, 2014).

Pascale Combelles Siegel

Pascale Combelles Siegel is a Virginia-based independent defense consultant specializing in perception management.

Bhartendu Kumar Singh

Bhartendu Kumar Singh, Ph.D., is in the Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)and serving on deputation with the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS). The views expressed here are his own.

Julie Sirrs

Julie Sirrs was the editor of the Terrorism Monitor. Prior to that, she was an analyst focusing on Central and South Asia for the Defense Intelligence Agency.

Thomas Skypek

Thomas M. Skypek is a Washington-based defense analyst who specializes in military transformation, deterrence and U.S. defense policy. He has supported research and analysis efforts for the Departments of Defense, Energy and Central Intelligence Agency. He holds a Masters degree in Defense and Strategic Studies from Missouri State University. The views expressed herein are exclusively those of the authors and do not represent those of the U.S. Department of Defense, SAIC or any other organization.

Andrei Smirnov

Andrei Smirnov is an independent journalist covering the North Caucasus. He is based in Russia.

Anthony Smith

Anthony L. Smith is an Associate Research Professor at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, Hawaii. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, U.S. Pacific Command, the U.S. Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

Myles G. Smith

Myles G. Smith is an analyst and consultant based in Central Asia.

Anton Smitsendonk

Dr. Anton Smitsendonk is currently commissioner for Thailand and Indonesia in the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and was previously Ambassador of the Netherlands to China and later to the OECD in Paris. From 1990-1998 he led the Académie Diplomatique Internationale de Paris, a working group of official and non-official political figures from several countries on the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. His primary research areas include: Chinese and European diplomacy, Chinese financial markets, trade and investment opportunities, and relations with the ICC.

Scott Snyder

Scott Snyder is author of the newly-published China’s Rise and the Two Koreas and Director of the Center for U.S.-Korea Policy at The Asia Foundation. The views expressed here are personal views. He can be reached at [email protected]

Vladimir Socor

Vladimir Socor is a Senior Fellow of the Washington-based Jamestown Foundation and its flagship publication, Eurasia Daily Monitor (1995 to date), where he writes analytical articles on a daily basis. An internationally recognized expert on the former Soviet-ruled countries in Eastern Europe, the South Caucasus, and Central Asia, he covers Russian and Western policies, focusing on energy, regional security issues, Russian foreign affairs, secessionist conflicts, and NATO policies and programs. Mr. Socor is a frequent speaker at U.S. and European policy conferences and think-tank institutions; as well as a regular guest lecturer at the NATO Defense College and at Harvard University’s National Security Program’s Black Sea Program. He is also a frequent contributor to edited volumes. Mr. Socor was previously an analyst with the Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Research Institute (1983-1994). He is a Romanian-born citizen of the United States based in Munich, Germany.

Alexander Sodiqov

Author

Camilla T. N. Soerensen

Camilla T. N. Soerensen is a research fellow at the Department of Political Science, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. She is currently a visiting research fellow in the China Studies program at The Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies.

John Solomon

John Solomon is Head of Terrorism Research for World-Check, a provider of structured risk-related intelligence. He was formerly with the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.

Dan Southerland

Dan Southerland is the Vice President of Programming and Executive Editor of Radio Free Asia (RFA). Prior to joining RFA, he was The Washington Post's bureau chief in Beijing from 1985 to 1990. He received a Pulitzer Prize nomination in 1990 for his coverage of Tiananmen and an Edward R. Murrow Press Fellowship in 1990-91.

Ebi Spahiu

Ebi Spahiu is an independent analyst of Central Asian and Western Balkan Affairs, focusing on gender and religious extremism, and she is currently based in Albania. She has worked as a consultant for UN agencies based in Kyrgyzstan and other regional civil society organizations. She is originally from Albania, but has studied and worked in China, the United States and Kyrgyzstan.

Joseph  Spears

K. Joseph Spears has degrees in biology, economics and law and is a principal of the Horseshoe Bay Marine Group. He recently contributed to the Arctic Council’s Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment 2009 Report.

Trevor Stanley

Trevor Stanley researches Islamic terrorism. He is the Editor of Perspectives on World History and Current Events <http://www.pwhce.org/>

Aleksandr Stepanchenko

Jules Stewart

Jules Stewart is an author and freelance journalist based in London. During the 20 years he worked in Spain, he had frequent contact with ETA militants and supporters and wrote widely on the guerrilla organisation. Stewart is the author of four books on the British Empire in India, with a focus on North-West Frontier history.

Robert Stiles

Robert Stiles earned his Master of Arts in History in 2007. He graduated from Angelo State University with a Master of Security Studies.

Harvey Stockwin

Harvey Stockwin has been reporting and analysing Asian developments since 1955. Currently he broadcasts a weekly 15-minute talk "Reflections From Asia" for Radio Television Hong Kong, contributes to the Japan Times, and is the East Asia correspondent of The Times Of India.

Ian Storey

Ian Storey is Fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore and the author of Southeast Asia and the Rise of China: The Search for Security (Routledge, May 2011)

Austin Strange

Austin Strange is a researcher at the China Maritime Studies Institute (CMSI) of the U.S. Naval War College and a research associate at AidData. He is currently a graduate student in nontraditional security studies at Zhejiang University.

Thomas Strouse

Thomas Strouse is a Director at Foreign Reports Inc., an oil consulting firm based in Washington, D.C. At Foreign Reports, he contributes to the firm’s daily intelligence reports on political developments relevant to oil markets, with a particular emphasis on the Middle East. He has studied Arabic in Egypt and Syria and is expected to graduate with his Masters degree in Middle East Studies from George Washington University in May 2010.

Sadia Sulaiman

Sadia Sulaiman is a research analyst in World-Check's Terrorism and Insurgency Research Unit where she specializes on sub-state groups active in South and Central Asia. A native of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas in Pakistan, she previously worked as a Research Fellow on strategic issues for the Institute of Strategic Studies of the Foreign Ministry of Pakistan, and is a Ph.D. candidate at the Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore.

Ruslanbek Sultanov

Ruslanbek Sultanov is a freelance writer based in Chechnya who covers the security and human rights situation inside Chechnya.

Steven Y. Sun

Mr. Steven Y. Sun is currently the head China analyst for G7 Group, a Washington-based political and economic research and advisory firm.

Robert Sutter

Robert Sutter is Professor of Practice of International Affairs at the Elliott School of George Washington University. Sutter's government career (1968-2001) involved work on Asian and Pacific affairs and U.S. foreign policy for the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of State, and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He also was the National Intelligence Officer for East Asia and the China Division Director at the Department of State's Bureau of Intelligence and Research. His most recent book is U.S.-Chinese Relations: Perilous Past, Pragmatic Present (Rowman and Littlefield, 2010).

Christopher Swift

Mr. Swift is a doctoral candidate in the Center of International Studies at the University of Cambridge. His current research interests include the evolution of asymmetric warfare and the relationships between subnational and transnational Islamic insurgencies. Mr. Swift was formerly an analyst at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and subsequently served as an aide to former U.S. National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski. A frequent writer on human rights, foreign policy and defense issues, Mr. Swift has appeared as a commentator for broadcast media throughout the United States, Europe and former Soviet Union.

Leonid Sykiyanen

Dr. Sykiyanen is a professor at the Institute of State and Law at the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

David  Szerlip

David Szerlip received his MA in Asian Studies from the Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University in May 2010. He has previously worked on the Korea Desk at the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, for the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and at National Defense University's Institute for National Strategic Studies.

Michael Taarnby

Michael Taarnby is a research fellow at the Danish Institute for International Studies with a specialization in political and militant Islamism.

Muhammad Tahir

Muhammad Tahir is currently a Washington Correspondent at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), while in DC, Muhammad mainly covers events relevant to his target region of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia. Prior to this position, he served as a staff correspondent and editor at the Turkmen Service of RFE/RL. From 1999-2002 Muhammad worked as a chief correspondent in Pakistan and Afghanistan at Turkish Television News Agency (IHA) and is author of Illegal Dating; A Journey Into The Private Life Of Iran.

Farhat Taj

Farhat Taj is a Ph.D. Research Fellow, University of Oslo and a newspaper columnist in Pakistan. She is the director of the documentary film “Waziristan- a culture under attack,” and is writing a book, Taliban and Anti-Taliban. She is from the northwestern region of Pakistan, close to the Afghan border.

Tiina Tarvainen

Tiina Tarvainen is a researcher at the Research Group for Conflicts and Terrorism at the University of Turku, Finland.

Camille Tawil

Camille Tawil is an investigative journalist for al-Hayat newspaper in London where he has worked for the past seventeen years. Mr. Tawil joined al-Hayat newspaper in 1991 where he covers the Middle East and focuses on writing about the activities of militant Islamic groups. He holds a BA in Journalism from the Lebanese University in Beirut, and an MA in Area Studies (Near and Middle East) from the University of London’s School of Oriental and Africa Studies (SOAS). He has written two books in Arabic. His first book in Arabic was dedicated to Algerian militant groups: The Armed Islamic Movement in Algeria - from the FIS to the GIA. He is also the author of Brothers In Arms: The Story of Al-Qa'ida and the Arab Jihadists.

Ian Taylor

Ian Taylor is an Associate Professor in the School of International Relations, University of St. Andrews, Scotland, and a Visiting Professor at the University of Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Donald Temple

Donald Temple is a research assistant at the RAND Corporation specializing in national security.

Eric Teo Chu Cheow

Dr Eric Teo Chu Cheow, a business consultant and strategist based in Singapore, is also Council Secretary of the Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA).

Drew Thompson

Drew Thompson is the Director of China Studies and Starr Senior Fellow at The Nixon Center in Washington, DC. He was formerly the National Director of the China-MSD HIV/AIDS Partnership in Beijing and the Assistant Director of the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).

Chris Thompson

Chris Thompson is the research and administrative manager at the Brenthurst Foundation.

Levi Tillemann

Levi Tillemann is a Ph.D. candidate at Johns Hopkins University SAIS and an associate at Cambridge Energy Research Associates. Levi is currently writing a dissertation on energy security in Northeast Asia.

John Tkacik

John Tkacik is Research Fellow in China Policy in the Asian Studies Center at The Heritage Foundation

John J. Tkacik, Jr.

John Tkacik is a retired Foreign Service Officer.

Fatima Tlis

Fatima Tlisova is a Human Rights Fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Tlisova is an independent journalist from the North Caucasus. She has worked for ten years as a correspondent for a number of independent Russian papers as wells and international media, including the Associated Press, "Novaya Gazeta", RFE/RL, BBC and has also served as chief of the North Caucasian bureau of the Russian news agency Regnum. Fatima is a regular writer for IWPR (London) and for the Jamestown Foundation (Washington DC). In her reports and analyses Tlisova has covered how Russian official policy has undermined human rights and exacerbated problems of the North Caucasus region. Fatima's work has receiving the Rory Peck award and the German Zeit-Stiftung award for her professional and brave reporting on the conflict in the North Caucasus and her efforts to help fellow journalists.

Brianne Todd

Jamestown analyst

Igor Torbakov

Igor Torbakov is a freelance journalist and researcher who specializes in CIS political affairs. He holds an MA in History from Moscow State University and a PhD from the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. He was Research Scholar at the Institute of Russian History, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1988-1997; a Visiting Scholar at the Kennan Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington DC, 1995, and a Fulbright Scholar at Columbia University, New York, 2000. He is now based in Istanbul, Turkey.

Igor Torbakov

Igor Torbakov is a Senior Researcher at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs in Helsinki. A trained historian, he specializes in Russian and Eurasian history and politics. He was a Research Scholar at the Institute of Russian History, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; a Visiting Scholar at the Kennan Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington DC; a Fulbright Scholar at Columbia University, New York; a Visiting Fellow at Harvard University; and a Fellow at the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in Uppsala, Sweden. He holds an MA in History from Moscow State University and a PhD from the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences.

Stefano Maria Torelli

Stefano Maria Torelli, Ph.D., is a Research Fellow at the Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI) and a member of the Italian Centre for the Study of Political Islam (CISIP). His research topics include Middle Eastern studies, Political Islam and International Relations. He has obtained his Ph.D. in the History of International Relations at the University of Rome “La Sapienza.” He is currently Teaching Assistant in History and Institutions of the Islamic Countries at the University of Milan and editor-in-chief of the Italian Review for Studies on Political Islam, published by the Italian Center for the Study of Political Islam (CISIP). Torelli has appeared on Italian and international information networks and research institutes as an expert of Islamic and Middle Eastern questions and is a columnist for the magazine of the Italian main newspaper Il Corriere della Sera, Sette. He has published articles and essays on international academic reviews, such as Middle East Policy and Insight Turkey and is co-editor of the book The Arab Spring: Causes and Effects of the Revolts that are Changing Middle East (Vita e Pensiero, Milano, 2012) He is also the author of several book chapters focusing on political Islam and Middle Eastern politics and history.

Jacob Townsend

Jacob Townsend has been a consultant to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in Central Asia, Afghanistan and the Asia-Pacific. He is currently based in Kabul.

Sergei Troush

Dr. Sergei Troush is the Senior Fellow of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow. He is specializing in China's foreign and domestic politics, China's energy and security strategy, and Russian policy in Asia Pacific.

Michael M. Tsai

Michael M. Tsai, Ph.D., served in the government of Taiwan as the minister of national defense, deputy secretary-general of the National Security Council and deputy representative to the United States. Dr. Tsai is currently the chairman of the Institute for Taiwan Defense and Strategic Studies.

Kevin Jianjun Tu

Kevin Jianjun Tu is a senior associate in the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he leads Carnegie’s work on China’s energy and climate policies. He is also a nonresident research fellow at the Canadian Industrial Energy End-use Data and Analysis Centre.

Paul Tumelty

Paul Tumelty is a researcher specializing in the Russian North Caucasus, the Caucasus and Central Asia. He holds an MPhil in Russian and East European Studies from the University of Glasgow and a BA War Studies, King's College, London.

Aybeniz Turan

Aybeniz Turan is an expert on the South Caucasus and an analyst for The Jamestown Foundation.

Jennifer L. Turner

Dr. Jennifer L. Turner has directed the China Environment Forum at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars since 1999. In addition to editing the yearly publication, the China Environment Series (www.wilsoncenter.org/cef), she has recently begun a new China Environmental Health project with Western Kentucky University, focusing on health challenges in karst water regions and coal emissions in Anhui Province.

John Ty Grubbs

John Ty Grubbs served as a Human Terrain Analyst in Khost and Paktia in 2011. He previously worked for the Joint IED Defeat Organization and the Multi-National Force - Iraq Strategic Communications Division.

Stephen  Ulph

Senior Fellow 

Stephen Ulph is a Senior Fellow with The Jamestown Foundation. One of the preeminent analysts of the Islamic world, Mr. Ulph specializes in the economic and political developments of the Middle East and North Africa. He is the founder and former editor of the Terrorism Security Monitor and former editor and analyst of Islamic Affairs for Jane's Information Group.

Emrullah Uslu

Emrullah Uslu is a Turkish terrorism expert and currently a PhD candidate at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Utah. He worked as a policy analyst for the Turkish National Police's counter-terrorism headquarters for more than six years. Mr. Uslu has taught courses on terrorism and political violence. His recent articles, "Turkey's Kurdish Problem: Steps Toward a Solution" was published in the February 2007 issue of Studies in Conflict and Terrorism; "From Local Hizbullah to Global Terror: The Transformation of Militant Islam in Turkey" was published in the spring 2007 issue of Middle East Policy; and "Ulusalcilik: The Neo-nationalist Resurgence in Turkey" was published in the spring 2008 issue of Turkish Studies. Mr. Uslu regularly contributes to the Istanbul-based English daily Today's Zaman and Turkish daily Taraf.

Seyitbek  Usmanov

Seyitbek Usmanov is the Head of Research at the Central Asian Free Market Institute

Lawrence Uzzell

Lawrence A. Uzzell is a senior Jamestown Foundation fellow who opened Jamestown's Moscow office in 1992. A specialist in the former Soviet Union since 1989, a Yale graduate and widely published in the American, British and Russian media, Uzzell is President of International Religious Freedom Watch (formerly Keston USA).

Tamerlan  Vahabov

analyst

Anar Valiyev

Anar Valiyev holds Ph.D. in Urban and Public Affairs from University of Louisville in Kentucky. His areas of interest include urban terrorism, public policy of post-Soviet countries, governance and democracy.

Daan Van Der Schriek

Daan van der Schriek is a freelance journalist based in Kabul, Afghanistan. He has covered Central Asia and the Caucasus for several years. He holds an MASc in Central Asian Politics from SOAS in London and an MA in Russian and Russian Studies at the University of Amsterdam.

Willem Van Kemenade

Willem van Kemenade is a visiting senior fellow with The Netherlands Institute of International Relations, specializing in China’s global strategic relations.

Wladimir van Wilgenburg

Wladimir van Wilgenburg is a political analyst specializing in issues concerning Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey with a particular focus on Kurdish politics. In 2011 van Wilgenburg received an MA from the University of Utrecht’s Conflict Studies and Human Rights program. There he completed his MA dissertation on the Iraqi city of Kirkuk’s Arab political spectrum. Much of his work was based on first-hand research and interviews conducted by van Wilgenburg on the ground in Iraq. He is currently enrolled in the University of Exeter’s MA Kurdish Studies program. Van Wilgenburg is a contributor to the Jamestown Foundation’s book Volatile Landscape: Iraq and Its Insurgent Movements. He has also written extensively for Jamestown’s well-regarded Terrorism Monitor and Militant Leadership Monitor publications. In addition to Jamestown, he currently writes for Rudaw, an online Kurdish newspaper based in Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan that publishes in English, and Kurdish. Van Wilgenburg provides commentary and advice to a variety of media outlets such as the SETimes.com, and a various number of NGOs and think tanks.

Oleg Varfolomeyev

Oleg Varfolomeyev is a journalist based in Kyiv, Ukraine. He covers economic and political developments in Ukraine and Belarus for analytical network CEEMarketWatch and also writes regularly for a number of other Western sources. He received a Master's degree in Political Science from Central European University in Budapest, Hungary.

Alexei Vassiliev

Dr. Alexei Vassiliev is Director of the Institute of African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences.

Mairbek Vatchagaev

Non-Resident Senior Fellow 

Dr. Mairbek Vatchagaev is a noted Chechen historian and political analyst on the North Caucasus and a former senior ranking official in the Chechen government of Aslan Maskhadov. A native of Chechnya, Dr. Vatchagaev is currently a Non-Resident Senior Fellow at The Jamestown Foundation and a regular contributor to the Jamestown publication Eurasia Daily Monitor where he writes about developments in the North Caucasus. He has published 56 articles on the history of Chechnya and Sufism in the North-Caucasus; 285 articles related to political science on the North Caucasus and Russia; including five books on the history and religion in Chechnya and the North Caucasus. In 1997 he published a book on the first 100 days in office of the first ever democratically elected President of Chechnya—Aslan Maskhadov. He is also the author of the book, “Chechnya in the 19th Century Caucasian Wars.”

William van der Veen

William van der Veen is a strategic communications professional with experience across a range of industries. He has previously worked with United Nations Women and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime's Counter-Piracy Programme in Nairobi, Kenya. He obtained his MA from the American University in Cairo and his BA from Colby College. He currently resides in Arlington, VA.

Cavid Veliyev

Cavid Veliyev is a senior research fellow in the Foreign Policy Analysis Department at the Baku-based Center for Strategic Studies (SAM) under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, where he has worked since 2009. In 2005–2007, he was a researcher at the Middle East Department and then, in 2007–2009, he served as the head of the South Caucasus Department at the National Security Strategic Research Center (TUSAM). He has authored many academic and editorial articles. He has co-edited the books South Caucasus: Energy, Geopolitics Rivalry and Territorial Integrity (Ankara, 2011) and Turkey-Azerbaijan Relations (Ankara, 2012). He received his PhD in International Relations from Ankara University in 2013.

Dan Verton

Dan Verton is the Founder of Homeland Security Television, an award-winning journalist, and author of five books, including The Insider: A True Story and Black Ice: The Invisible Threat of Cyber-Terrorism (McGraw-Hill, 2003). He can be contacted at [email protected]

Lorenzo Vidino

Lorenzo Vidino is an analyst at the Investigative Project on Terrorism and the Jebsen Center at Tufts University's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He is the author of the book, "Al-Qaeda in Europe: The New Battleground of International Jihad" (Prometheus Books).

Laurent Vinatier

Laurent Vinatier is an expert on the Chechen conflict, Russia and Central Asia. A Ph.D. candidate at Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris, he is author of L'islamisme en Asie centrale.

Mark Vinson

Mark Vinson is an expert on Tajikistan.

Reidar Visser

Reidar Visser is a research fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs and editor of the Iraq website http://www.historiae.org. His books include "Basra, The Failed Gulf State: Separatism and Nationalism in Southern Iraq" (2005) and, edited with Gareth Stansfield, "An Iraq of its Regions: Cornerstones of a Federal Democracy?" (2007).

Georgiy Voloshin

Georgiy Voloshin is an international affairs expert widely published on issues related to Eurasian politics, with a special focus on Central Asia. More information about him can be found on his personal website gevoloshin.com.

Enzio Von Pfeil

Mr. von Pfeil is chairman and CEO of Commercial Economics in Hong Kong.

Wilson VornDick

Lieutenant Commander Wilson VornDick received his B.A. in International Relations and a minor in Chinese at George Washington University. While there, he studied at Fudan and East China Normal Universities in Shanghai. He is currently working at the Chinese Maritime Studies Institute at the U.S. Naval War College. Additionally, he is enrolled in separate masters' programs there and at Harvard. The views presented in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the Naval War College, Department of the Navy or Department of Defense.

Arthur  Waldron

Board Member 

Arthur Waldron is the Lauder Professor of International Relations in the Department of History at the University of Pennsylvania. He works mostly on the history of Asia, China in particular; the problem of nationalism; and the study of war and violence in history. Professor Waldron was educated at Harvard (A.B., 1971; summa cum laude Ph.D., 1981) and in Asia, where he lived for four years before returning to Harvard. He previously taught at Princeton University, the U.S. Naval War College (Newport, RI) and Brown University. His publications include The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth (1989); The Modernization of Inner Asia (1991); How the Peace Was Lost: The 1935 Memorandum "Developments Affecting American Policy in the Far East" Prepared for the State Department by John Van Antwerp MacMurray (1992); From War to Nationalism: China’s Turning Point, 1924–1925 (1995); and (with Daniel Moran) The People in Arms: Military Myth and National Mobilization since the French Revolution (2003). His latest book, The Chinese, should appear in 2015. Additionally, he has fourteen articles in peer reviewed journals, ten chapters in books, and two edited volumes in Chinese, as well numerous scholarly and popular reviews and journalistic essays. In government, he served as one of twelve members of the highly-classified Tilelli Commission (2000–2001), which evaluated the China operations of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). He was also an original member of the Congressionally mandated U.S-China Economic and Security Review Commission (2001–2003). He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He has lectured all over the world, with major addresses scheduled for winter 2014–2015, in Japan. Born in 1948, Professor Waldron married Xiaowei Yü in 1988. With their two sons, they live in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania.

Arthur Waldron

Arthur Waldron, Ph.D., is Lauder Professor of International Relations at the University of Pennsylvania (1997 to present) and a Board Member of The Jamestown Foundation. He is author of or contributor to over twenty books in English and Chinese.

Meiyang Wang

Wang Meiyan is an associate professor at the Institute of Population and Labor Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Vincent  Wang

Vincent Wei-cheng Wang is Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Political Science, University of Richmond. He has published over sixty scholarly articles and book chapters on China, Taiwan, East Asian political economy and security. He is working on a project on the Indian perspectives on the rise of China.

Jyh-Perng Wang

Jyh-Perng Wang is the Deputy Executive Director of the Cross-Strait Peace Research Center for at Shu-Te University in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Dong Wang

Dong Wang is an Associate Professor at School of International Studies and Director of the Center for Northeast Asian Strategic Studies, Peking University.

Yaqiu Wang

Yaqiu Wang researches and writes about civil society and human rights in China.

Jason Warner

Eric Watkins

Eric Watkins, who writes on oil, shipping and terrorism, is the first Western person ever allowed to reside in Yemen as a foreign correspondent. Altogether, he lived some 20 years in the Red Sea region, including Saudi Arabia (1981-88), Yemen (1989-94) and Cyprus (2000-04). On the recommendation of the desert explorer Wilfred Thesiger, Watkins was elected a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society in 1989 for his contributions to knowledge of the Arabian Peninsula. Watkins holds a PhD in Comparative Literature from the University of California at San Diego, and is writing a book documenting the impact of trade on Yemeni history.

Cynthia Watson

Cynthia Watson, Ph.D., is Chairwoman and Professor in Security Studies at the National War College. The views expressed in this article are those of Cynthia Watson, not those of the National War College, Institute for National Strategic Studies or any U.S. Government agency.

Carl Anthony Wege

Carl Anthony Wege is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Coastal Georgia Community College in Brunswick, Georgia. He has published articles on the Abu Nidal Organization, the Syrian Social Nationalist Party, Hezbollah and Syrian and Iranian Intelligence Organizations. He also teaches a terrorism course for Armstrong Atlantic State University.

Wang Wei-fang

Wang Wei-fang is the Counselor of Research at the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission in Taiwan. She is also Assistant Professor at Lung-hwa University.

Richard Weitz

Richard Weitz, Ph.D., is a Senior Fellow and Director of the Center for Political-Military Analysis at the Hudson Institute in Washington, DC. Dr. Weitz would like to thank the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for supporting his non-proliferation research.

Bestman Wellington

Bestman Wellington is a Nigerian journalist, a small arms researcher and an analyst based in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, in the Niger Delta.

Robert Wesley

Robert Wesley is a terrorism analyst specializing in emerging trends in Islamist militancy and weapons of mass destruction.

Sunguta West

Sunguta West is an independent journalist based in Nairobi.

David G. Wiencek

David G. Wiencek is President of International Security Group, Inc., and co-editor of Asian Security Handbook: Terrorism and the New Security Environment (M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 2005).

Dennis Wilder

Dennis C. Wilder, a visiting fellow in the John L. Thornton China Center at the Brookings Institution, served as China director and then senior director for East Asian affairs at the National Security Council from August 2004 to January 2009.

Brian Glyn Williams

Dr. Brian Glyn Williams is Associate Professor of Islamic History at the University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth. His interactive web page can be found at: www.brianglynwilliams.com.

Matthew Willis

Matthew Willis is a Research Associate at the Royal United Services Institute, where he focuses on the Arctic as a region of emerging strategic importance. Matthew attended the University of Toronto, Paris-I and the London School of Economics. In 2013, he was awarded the Marvin Gelber Essay Prize for foreign policy analysis by a young scholar.

Hugo Winckler

Hugo Winckler is a legal consultant in the Greater China Area. He holds LLM and LLB degrees from Paris II Law School, an MBA from National Taiwan Normal University, as well as a master’s and bachelor’s degree from Paris VII University in Chinese studies.

Joel Wing

Joel Wing is an Iraq analyst based in Oakland, California who runs the blog Musings on Iraq: http://musingsoniraq.blogspot.com/

Peter Wood

Peter Wood is an independent researcher focusing on the Chinese military.

Jau-shieh Joseph Wu

Jaushieh Joseph Wu is a research fellow at the Institute of International Relations, National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan. He previously served in the Taiwan government in 2002-2008 as Deputy Secretary-General to the President, Chairman of the Mainland Affairs Council, and Taiwan’s official representative to the United States.

Ting Xu

Ting Xu is a Senior Project Manager with the Bertelsmann Foundation in Washington, DC.

Chen Yali

Chen Yali is the Editor-in-Chief of Washington Observer, an independent Chinese-language weekly magazine on American foreign policy and politics based in Washington DC.

Alan Yang

Alan Yang, Ph.D., is the grantee of Fellowships for Doctoral Candidates in the Humanities and Social Sciences (2006-2007) at the Center for Asia-Pacific Area Studies (CAPAS) at Academia Sinica, Taiwan. His areas of specialization include international relations theory, Asia-Pacific regionalism and ASEAN study.

Alan H. Yang

Dr. Alan H. Yang is an Assistant Research Fellow with the Institute of International Relations at National Cheng-chi University.

Christopher  Yeaw

Christopher Yeaw is an Associate Professor in the Warfare Analysis and Research Department at the U.S. Naval War College.

Marat Yermukanov

Marat Yermukanov is a journalist working for the Russian-language private newspaper "Panorama Nedely" in Petropavlovsk, North Kazakhstan, and is also a regional correspondent for the Almaty-based national weekly "Panorama."

Daniel Yoon

Daniel Yoon is a Chinese linguist–analyst at DGI. He is a graduate of Tufts University and formerly a visiting student at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

Toshi  Yoshihara

Toshi Yoshihara is an Associate Professor of Strategy at the Naval War College and co-author of Chinese Naval Strategy in the 21st Century: The Turn to Mahan. The views expressed here are his own.

Michael Young

Michael Young is opinion editor at the Daily Star newspaper in Lebanon, and a contributing editor at Reason magazine in the U.S. He is a regular contributor to Reason, Slate, and has written for The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, The International Herald Tribune, and other publications in Lebanon, the U.S. and Europe.

Cathy Young

Cathy Young is a research assistant at the University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth.

Maochun Yu

Yu Maochun, Ph.D., is Professor of East Asia and Military History at the US Naval Academy. Views expressed are his own.

Jingdong Yuan

Dr. Jingdong Yuan is an associate professor at the Centre for International Security Studies, University of Sydney. His latest publication is “Beijing’s Balancing Act: Courting New Delhi, Reassuring Islamabad.” He previously served as Director of East Asia Nonproliferation Program at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies.

Rahimullah Yusufzai

Rahimullah Yusufzai is Resident Editor of The News International, a daily newspaper in Peshawar.

Farhan Zahid

Farhan Zahid has done his Ph.D. in Counter Terrorism (Topic: Al-Qaeda-linked Islamist violent Non-State Actors in Pakistan and their relationship with Islamist Parties) from Vrije University Brussels, Belgium. He writes on counter-terrorism, al-Qaeda, Pakistani al-Qaeda-linked groups, Islamist violent non-state actors in Pakistan, militant landscapes in Pakistan and the Afghan Taliban.

Chris Zambelis

Chris Zambelis is a Senior Analyst specializing in Middle East affairs for Helios Global, Inc., a risk management group based in the Washington, D.C. area. He is also the director of World Trends Watch, Helios Global’s geopolitical practice area. The opinions expressed here are the author’s alone and do not necessarily reflect the position of Helios Global, Inc.

Catherine Zara Raymond

Catherine Zara Raymond is an Associate Research Fellow at the Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies (IDSS), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

Yuri  Zarakhovich

As the first and so far only Russian correspondent for TIME magazine since August 1988, Zarakhovich has been covering events like the breakup of the Soviet Union, the failed attempt of democracy in a new Russia, and the return of authoritarianism. He has also previously worked at the Associated Press, and in 1998 he was granted a Ph.D. in history for his research of the U.S. press coverage of Islamic Renaissance in the post-Soviet Space.

Vasily Zatsepin

Vasily Zatsepin is a Senior Research Fellow in the Department for Military Economics, Institute for the Economy in Transition, Moscow.

Arnold Zeitlin

Arnold Zeitlin is the Managing Director at Editorial Research & Reporting Associates (ERRA) and Visiting Professor for the Department of Journalism at Guangdong University of Foreign Studies.

Aaron Y. Zelin

Analyst

Jacob Zenn

Jacob Zenn is an analyst of African and Eurasian Affairs for The Jamestown Foundation and consultant on countering violent extremism, international law of freedom of association, socio-cultural analysis for geospatial visualization. He is a non-resident research fellow of the Center for Shanghai Cooperation Organization Studies in Shanghai, China and a specialist in the international law and best practices related to the freedom of association. Mr. Zenn has written on international law and security for Terrorism Monitor, Militant Leadership Monitor, and Eurasia Daily Monitor; Jane’s Intelligence Review-China Watch; Johns Hopkins SAIS Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst; and the International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law. He has been cited by BBC, Washington Post, al-Jazeera, CNN, Voice of America, Deutsche Welle, South China Morning Post, and Toronto Star. In February 2013, he testified before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Europe, Eurasia and Emerging Threats, on "Islamist Militant Threats to Eurasia." Mr. Zenn graduated as a Global Law Scholar from Georgetown Law in 2011 and the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) Nanjing Center for Chinese-American Studies in Nanjing, China in 2007.

Xuegang Zhang

Mr. Zhang Xuegang is an Associate Professor in China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR). He specializes in Southeast Asian security studies and China-U.S.-ASEAN trilateral relations. His recent publications and papers are Sea-lane Security and International Cooperation (co-edited, CICIR Publishing House, January 2005); Southeast Asia: Gateway to Stability (China Security, World Security Institute, Vol 3 No. 2, Spring 2007); Retrospect and Prospect for China-ASEAN Relations (Contemporary International Relations,CICIR,No.1,2007).

Xiaoming Zhang

Xiaoming Zhang, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Leadership and Strategy at the Air War College, teaching strategy, and subjects on China and East Asia. He earned his Ph.D. in history from The University of Iowa in 1994, and taught at Texas Tech University and Texas A&M International University prior to joining the Air War College.

Sufian Zhemukhov

Sufian Zhemukhov is currently a visiting scholar at George Washington University.

Hang Zhou

Zhou Hang is a Beijing-based researcher with the China and Global Security Project at Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Mr. Zhou’s research focuses on China-Africa relations and China’s foreign aid.

Taleh Ziyadov

Taleh Ziyadov is a research fellow at the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy (ADA) and a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Cambridge (UK).

Sherifa Zuhur

Dr. Sherifa Zuhur is Research Professor of Islamic and Regional Studies at the Strategic Studies Institute at the U.S. Army War College. She is also the Director of the Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic, and Diasporic Studies. The views expressed here are the author's and do not necessarily reflect the official policy of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government.

Ilia Zviadauri

Ilia Zviadauri is a Georgian researcher and analyst.

 

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